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What constitutes the legacy of the welfare regimes? In contemporary debates two questions arise more highly than any others. Cardinally, does social citizenship decrease the convexity of class? – or otherwise presented – could the capitalist society be crucially revolutionised by the welfare state? And secondly, what are the columns that support the development of the welfare state? ( Esping-Andersen, 1990). The essay will proceed by presenting Gøsta Esping-Andersen’s welfare regimes and their characteristics and attempt to analyse their influence in regards to social housing. Furthermore, it will narrow its focus on Britain’s liberal welfare regime - according to Gøsta Esping-Andersen - and will follow to establish the bona fide implications of the statement, in respect to social housing. What is the welfare state? According to Esping-Andersen (1990) “it involves state responsibility for securing some basic modicum of welfare for its citizens.” However, this so-called definition falls short of covering basic concepts such as eligibility, citizenship status and working life and quality of services and benefits. Barr (2001) perceives the welfare state as an apparatus for inequality since it acts as an unlawful Robin Hood that seeks to tilt the balance towards poverty and need, thus attempting to reduce welfare discrepancies. Esping-Andersen created the concept of welfare- state regime, which can be defined as a “complex system of legal, institutional, neatly intertwined arrangements of social policy.” (Lennartz, 2010). He describes three distinct welfare-state regimes and each can be differentiated by the amount of de-commodification. After observing 18 OECD countries, Esping-Andersen classifies them as follows: the social... ... middle of paper ... that housing and the postwar welfare state have undergone considerable transitions and have a complex relationship and secondly, in the 1980’s housing in Britain was seen as the wobbly pillar under the welfare state. Britain seems to generally apply to some classifications of the liberal welfare state presenting characteristics such as means-tested benefits that ultimately lead to stigmatization and dispensed benefits that are usually intended for people who fall in the poor category, thus leaving a gap in citizenship coverage. A new hybrid structure of the liberal welfare state appears to apply to the United Kingdom, allowing further authority for the state. The paper concludes by questioning the extent to which the Three Worlds of Welfare still exist in modern society and how much did the liberal regime actually influence 20th century Britain and its policies.

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