Very few were employed and those who were lucky enough to have some kind of work were forced to give them up to a white man who had lost his job. Many became homeless and crammed inside small shanty homes with several other people (Depression 211). Many jobs faced boycotts and riots that quickly led to violence, such as the burning of a paper factor in St. Louis (Lynch, African American Life). The Great Depression was a result of a stock market crash on October 29th, 1929. More than half of the population was unemployed and could not afford to feed their family.
I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings: Cages Maya Angelou wrote an amazing and entertaining autobiography titled I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings, about her hard life growing up as a black girl from the South. Among the hardships are things known as "cages" as stated as a metaphor from Paul Dunbar's poem "Sympathy." "Cages" are things that keep people from succeeding in life and being everything they want to be. Some of Maya Angelou's cages include being black in the 1940's and her overbearing grandmother. In my life, a "cage" is my young age, this causes problems with adults.
Brianna Robinson Professor Susan Beam English 200 May 8, 2014 She Rose Maya Angelou is an award winning American author and poet. Her writing was first published in the 1960’s, a time a racial tension and cry for civil rights. Also, at this time many women did not work outside of the home. However, Angelou’s work revealed the lives of black women who often were sole breadwinners in their households. Much of Maya Angelou’s work was that of autobiography.
Mortgages and rent payments could not be met, so people were moving into 'Hoovervilles'. These were 'shanty towns', nicknamed after Herbert Hoover, who was president at the time of the Wall Street crash. Even people who had expensive cars, etc, before now had nothing, some were even unable to pay for a bus fare. People with jobs and profitable companies even lost out because 5,000 banks went bust and the financial system virtually collapsed. Farmers suffered greatly, thousands of families who farmed had to sell their farms as it became uneconomical to grow crops.
This worst time period lasted from 1929 to 1939 and it began after the stock market crashed in 1929. The economic crisis caused many people to become unemployed and businesses and companies failing. Many banks failed and the majority of America's population had lost almost all of their money. This happened
They had no job security during the Great Depression. Blacks who were once farmers and tenants of farmers were forced to give their jobs to whites. The slogan “last hired and first fired” was well known throughout the African American community. Both whites and blacks were out of work however the “negro unemployment rate rose from 4.8% in 1930 to 8.8% in 1933, while unemployment for whites only rose from 4.2% to 5.4% in the same period. (pg153) Blacks were forced off their jobs with threats, violence and sometimes even death.
The ten year span of the Great Depression showed families how to live without a stable home or even going to bed without dinner some nights. First off, many people living in the 1930’s were unemployed and homeless, causing them to live in Hoovervilles. The citizens living in Hoovervilles lived unsanitary lives and often faced hunger. In fact, Hoovervilles were built out of unwanted material and provided little shelter. Many put all the blame on the then president, Herbert Hoover, when he refused to help his people through this life changing event.
No profits were being made, and although many southern blacks believed that life in the north was better, it was not much different. Black Americans working in the northern industries were living in poverty even before the stock market crash because they had been laid off; they were often replaced with white workers. When the Depression occurred, "more black workers than white lost their jobs. In 1931, about one out of every three Blacks was jobless, and one out of four whites" (Meltzer 210). People, especially blacks, were being put out of work everywhere; the wave of depression had hit the entire country.
Nelle Harper Lee’s Philosophy on the Proper Treatment of Human Beings in To Kill A Mockingbird The 1930’s were a time in which blacks faced many hardships. It was a time in which the Ku Klux Klan had its peak. However, most importantly, it was the time when Nelle Harper Lee, the writer of To Kill A Mockingbird, was being raised. She was raised in a world where “niggers'; were the bottom class in one of the most powerful countries in the world. She was also being raised during the Great Depression, a time when the attacks on blacks were intensified, as they were the scapegoats of the immense downfall of the US economy.
How torn and incapable she must have felt as a slave mother. Linda also speaks of "The Slaves New Year’s Day", this was the time that slaves everywhere were sold and leased. Many mothers were torn from their husbands and their children. Linda speak... ... middle of paper ... ...or her mistress, Mrs. Dodge, whom she’d heard had been very low of funds and needed Linda simply to get some money.