He believed that we must resolve two conflicting ideas, as we grow, to be successful adults (Potter, Perry, & Hall, 2017). Trust vs Mistrust (0-1 year): At this stage infants learn that they can trust their parents because they are dependent on them for survival. If their needs are met the baby develops a “trustful” view of the world as opposed to mistrust or unpredictability. Autonomy vs Shame/Doubt(1-3years): At this stage, a child has become more self-aware and are learning social constraints. Children begin to voice some of their preferences which leads to some independence.
Retrieved from : http://www.haverford.edu/psych/ddavis/p109g/erikson.stages.html 3. Suchitra Ramkumar (2002). Erik Erikson’s theory of development : Teacher’s observations article. Journal of the krishnamurti schools. Issue 6.
Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved 22 June 2005, from http://chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/col/affsys/erikson.html. Huitt, W., & Hummel, J. (2003).
Erik Erikson discusses the eight stages of social development throughout the entire life span. In each stage, there is a crisis or conflict that is connected to a developmental task. If each stage of development is completed then a person will develop a healthy personality. The first stage occurs from the birth to age one, the main conflict being trust versus mistrust. In this stage babies learn to trust or mistrust based on whether their needs are met or not.
Children often become aware of their personhood in the Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt stage of psychosocial development, and so often times during the Initiative vs. Guilt stage of development they attempt to make sense of what type of person they are going to be. Children during this stage of development often embrace the phrase "Why?". They are also often eager to collaborate with other children to construct
By showing your child that you can keep control, they will follow by example. Another significant development that is apart of social and emotional development, is the emotional development of self confidence. This is the idea, that the child learns that they are special through the treatment of their guardian. When they feel good about themselves, they gain confidence and curiosity. When your child is doing an activity, make sure to signify their action by
During this time, babies are beginning to learn who they can trust and who they can’t trust. This is the most fundamental stage of development because it determines if the child grows up believing the world is secure or if the world is inconsistent and unpredictable. It is important to have a good balance between the trust and doubt so the child will be open to experience new things when they mature. Autonomy vs. shame and doubt occurs in the adolescent years before preschool. This stage is important in teaching children the feeling of self control and independence.
These relationships also help children learn how to join groups of children already playing together, form/maintain friendships, share personal info, avoid the bully, take turns, resolve conflicts, help others. Interaction provides companionship and important life skills. A child starts interacting with others at a very young age. When the child is still an infant, they are beginning to learn the social skills that they will need throughout life. A baby knows that there are other people besides them existing, but they don’t understand that they have feelings that are not the same as theirs.
In this stage the child needs to learn how to control skills such as physical skills, self control and independence. By doing this the child feels a sense of autonomy feeling as if they have control over their life. If the child feels like he/she has not achieve these skills, they feel a sense of shame and doubt (Funder, 1997). A good example of this is stage is a child mastering potty training.Stage three is intuitive and guilt. This stage begins at age 3 through 5 years of age.
A secure attachment is one that is formed when a child feels as if they can depend on their caregiver. Children depend on their caregivers to provide them with the necessities they need to grow and live a healthy life. It is the confidence that a child has knowing that their caregiver has had their best interest at heart, that helps build these attachments. This is the strongest attachment that a child can have with their caregiver. A child with a secure attachment will express it through their attitude, behavior and health.