Erikson And Sigmund Freud

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In this paper I attempt to describe the similarities and differences in both Erik Erikson and Sigmund Freuds ideas on development. I also attempt to describe the many influences that contributed to the creation of both Freud and Erikson's ideas of development as well as some background information on both theorists. Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856 in the town of Freiberg Austria to Jacob and Amalia Freud. Sigmund came from a rather large family. He had two older step brothers from his father's previous marriage and he himself was the oldest of eight. Other than Sigmund there were five girls and two other boys. However Amalia Freud lost a baby boy eight months after it was born. The death of Sigmund's baby brother was something that affected him deeply because the passing of his baby brother meant his mother could never give him the full love and attention that he desired. Other than the death of his baby brother it is thought that Sigmund had a disruptive childhood and that he and his siblings experienced many unsettling events. One reason may be that the Freuds lived in many small spaces while their children were growing up such as the one room apartment that Jacob and Amalia rented at the time of Sigmunds birth. Because of the small living space and the many people inhabiting the space there was not much room for privacy and things that are better off being private were exposed to everyone. The family moved from Austria to Leipzig Germany in 1859 and then later on to Vienna where they lived in a much larger home for the first time. Because Sigmund did not have a normal healthy childhood experience he became interested in humanity and the ideas of Charles Darwin. He eventually pursued a career in natural science becoming ... ... middle of paper ... ... to the environment and that social groups, life events and cultural values shape a persons thoughts and ideas. This is when Erikson turned toward psychosocial thinking rather than psychosexual. Erikson wanted to understand healthy and whole individuals and how they change throughout their lives and Freud wanted to understand how a child grows up after experiencing trauma and mental illness. Works Cited Capps, D. (2004). The Decades of Life: Relocating Erikson's Stages. Pastoral Psychology, 53(1), 3-32. Hoare, C. H. (2005). Erikson's General and Adult Developmental Revisions of Freudian Thought: "Outward, Forward, Upward". Journal Of Adult Development, 12(1), 19-31. Breger, L. (2012). Freud: Darkness and Vision. Psychodynamic Psychiatry, 40(2), 211-242. doi:10.1521/pdps.2012.40.2.211 Carter, D. R. (2011). Brief Lives: Sigmund Freud. London: Hesperus Press.
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