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Erik Erikson

Psychosocial development explains the stages through which one healthily human should pass from infancy to late adulthood. There are eight stages in psychosocial development; Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, Identity vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy vs. Isolation, Generativity vs. Stagnation, and Ego Integrity vs. Despair. In each one of these stages, a person confronts and hopefully masters challenges. Erik Erikson is known for creating these stages of psychosocial development.
Erik Erikson was a German-born American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst. Born on June 15, 1902 in Frankfurt, Germany, Erikson is well known for his theory of psychosocial development of human beings. He was very interested in how children socialize and how it affects them. Instead of taking science courses during high school, such as biology or chemistry, he took a variety of languages. After high school, he was intrigued by art and went traveling around Europe. In 1933, Erikson came to the U.S. and became Boston’s first child analyst and obtained a position at the Harvard Medical School. Later he then was admitted to other institutes such as Yale, Berkeley, and the Menninger Foundation. Erikson died on May 12 in Harwich, MA. Erikson’s theory of the eight stages of psychosocial development came from the idea of Freud’s psychosexual stages.
All of Erikson’s ideas have “vs.” Both words in each stage are contrasting. One is good and forms a good personality for the future and the other forms most of loneliness and quietness. According to Erikson, the first stage, Trust vs. Mistrust, is one of the most important stage. This stage should last from birth to about 18 months of age. The...

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