When a child is seeming to lack socialization skills, not able to communicate, or show strange repetitive behavior continuously; the child should be tested. There is not a pin pointed cause of ASD, but it many researchers believe it has something to do with defected genes or incomplete development of the baby’s brain. (Proctor, Young- Adams 2013) If autism is caught when it in its very early stages it make a big difference and may help improve cognitive and social skills. More test are being added to the testing of the autism diagnostic schedule to ideally detect the disorder at around eighteen months. (NIH 2013) Mainly autism is diagnosed in two category, autistic (classic autism) or autism ... ... middle of paper ... ...en the same age, but they become frightened of having their child labeled and what others are going to say.
An individual with such a dense profile can have a huge impact on the normal functioning of the family. In this short essay, I’ll present the reasons behind this abnormal profile of these individuals and the effects of such symptoms on the family adjustment and work load. Secondly, I’ll provide some suggestions that can help alleviate parental and siblings suffering during primary years of the child’s life. It is apparent that children with autism places more psychological and physical burden over the shoulders of their parents and siblings than children with normal intellectual intelligence. There are many reasons that attest to this hypothesis.
A Look into Autism Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) that is very complex and involves many different and separate physical and mental disorders. Researchers have long been puzzled by autism, or childhood autism as it is often referred to. This severely disabling disorder affects approximately 80,000 children in the United States and is usually diagnosed by therapists and psychologists before the onset of two and a half years of age. Doctors note many of the complex disorders and symptoms associated with autism during the months of infancy. Babies who would normally look toward recognizable voices and reach out to people are often times devoid of these social growth indicators.
The inability of individual brain to collect and format incoming information (Suarez, 2012). An average of 90% of children who have Autism sensory is irregular (Suarez, 2012). This is a high quantity of children who are impacted by sensory disorder. They are different terminology to address the sensory processing disorders such as Sensory integration dysfunction and Sensory defensiveness. This issue also affects the child cognitive ability to effectively learn.
There are multiple types of Autism, some children are considered high functioning, and some are low functioning. “High functioning” is when a child with autism can function in life, and completes jobs, and chores with little to no help. “Low functioning” is when a child with autism cannot complete simple daily tasks without help, and (or) constant supervision. There are multiple types of schools in the United States; especially when it comes to dealing with children with Autism. Some schools do not handle autistic children well.
There is more to Autism than all the methodologies, treatments or research. Our children’s psychological and psychosocial well-being is at stake and the earlier we can intervene with whatever treatment is out there, we give our children a better chance of coping and living a more productive life in the future. How does this all relate to our psychology course? It touches every facet, perspective and methodology that we will cover in this course as well as further advanced studies of psychology. Children that are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder exhibit deficiency to communicate and develop social relationships and are often accompanied by behavioral challenges.
Not all of the reviews I read were pro medication, however, doing, what works best for each child differs. My message of giving the readers a clear understanding of why the use of mediation can be effective. As well as making the choice not to medicate can also be an option. With proper treatment indicated for ADHD as well as parents, doing their part obtaining knowledge through research. Children suffering from ADHD can be controlled and grow up to live a productive and successful life.
Physical Domain In addition, a child with autism “affects any or all of the sensory areas of touch, vision, hearing, taste and smell” (Wall, 2004, p.79). This means the child might have very sensitive or not sensitive at all which can make a child feel very uncomfor... ... middle of paper ... ...the age of 3, kids can get help by “Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)” which continue with treatments (kidshealth, 2014, p.3). Moreover, once the child gets to kindergarten their local school district can also provide help to continue the child’s treatment. The therapies which help cope with autistic disorder are “behavioral, educational, speech, and occupational therapies” (kidshealth, 2014, p.2). With the help of these therapies the child will be able to overcome many of the obstacles autism comes with and can help the child live a better life.
Generally this disorder is diagnosed in children at early stages of development. The causes of this disorder may be related to gender, depression, emotions, environmental factors, and developmental factors. ADHD children are often mistaken with excessive maladaptive behavior, and the opposite goes for children who are merely active in daily living. Some children are misdiagnosed with ADHD and medicated thereafter. However the children diagnosed correctly with ADHD may not respond to medication.
It is the responsibility of a school to find ways to best support the learning and growth of children that fall under the umbrella of Autism Spectrum Disorder. Barnard, Prior and Potter describe autism as a “hidden disability”(2000) that the general public doesn’t have a great understanding or awareness of. Due to the lack of visibility in this disorder, many children that have characteristics or tendencies of autism can sometimes fall through the cracks. It is important that schools help to include and integrate children with autism and develop their teacher’s knowledge and teaching so they can assist in these students learning. It is also important to understand what kind of policies and programs schools have in place to help aid and support children with autism.