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These proteins are then used as a blueprint for the function and structure of the organism. When the DNA is mutated, it alters the normal growth of the cells. This results in the cells not dying as they normally would, and a tumor may form; these tumors are commonly called "cancer" (www.cancer.gov). A tumor can be benign, which means it is not cancerous, or it can be malignant, which is cancerous. The tumor is comprised of abnormal cells.