Malaria is an infectious disease that kills close to a million children every year (Miller, Ackerman, Su, & Wellems, 2013). Although there are several different species of malaria this paper is going to be addressing Plasmodium falciparum, the most fatal of the species. The parasitic infection of P. falciparum can lead to many negative effects including death. This paper will explore the ways in which the disease in contracted, the risk factors as well as the pathogenesis of the parasite and ultimately the potential treatment options based on the progression of the disease process. Causative Agent, Mode of Transmission and Risk Factors P. falciparum is a protozoan parasite that once it has infected its human host causes the disease known as Malaria (Lehne, 2013, p.1238).
Mosquito eradication and nets are also ways of preventing malaria. Unfortunately, there are many difficulties with creating malaria vaccines, so they are currently still under development. Every 30 seconds, at least one person dies of malaria. About 350-500 million people are infected with malaria each year, and about 1.3-3 million of these result in death. In the next 20 years, the death rate is expected to double (“Malaria,” 2006).
The Fight Against Malaria The scorching temperature of the hot sun beats down on the sandy ground. Flies and mosquitoes roam the air, and the sound of suffering children fill the atmosphere. This is sub-saharan Africa, and the noise of the children in agony is due to a deadly parasitic disease known as malaria. Every year, nearly one million deaths occur because of it (World of Health). Fortunately, this sickness was eradicated in the U.S. through various techniques.
P.Ovale, this causes tertian (recurs every second day) malaria in humans. This species is very closely related to both plasmodium falciparum and P.Vivax. P.Ovale has a quite inadequate dispersal. General Life Cycle of the Malaria Parasite: • The female Anopheles mosquito which transmits the malaria parasites feed on the person when the mosquito has pierc... ... middle of paper ... ... to simply stop it from being transported around the body where it will lead to it processing itself to critical stage where it could lead to death, which is the whole reason of why it should be diagnosed and treated by a doctor as soon as possible to eradicate the possibilities of complications and death. Works Cited Carter, Mendis.
Strategies of improving the use of insecticide treated nets amongst antenatal women in North central, Nigeria. Background The preventable and curable, but life threatening parasitic disease known as malaria have been a graven menace transnationally, with more prevalence in tropical climatic regions, such that in 2013, the World Health Organization ( WHO) reported that, about 207 million people were infected annually with the plasmodium species, with over one million deaths cases annually occurring as a result of this disease (Afolabi et al., 2009), and about 627, 000 deaths cases occurring highly among African children (World Health Organization, 2013a), such that for every 30 seconds a child dies of malaria and many in just few days after infection (United Nations Children's Fund, 2013). Maternal mortality due to malaria has accounted to 11% in Nigeria, with the greatest occurrences in sub-Sahara African, and about five million antenatal women are at peril of been infected with the disease annually (Ankomah et al., 2012; Menendez et al., 2008). This disease causes anaemia during pregnancy and result to low birth weight which is a risk factor to child mortality, sub-optimal growth and maternal mortality (United Nations Children's Fund, 2013). Moreover, report of higher prevalence cases of about 56.4% of pregnant women within the North central region of Nigeria were infected with malaria, compare to other geo-political zones (Federal Ministry of Health, 2004), this is supported by an arguments made by Agomo et al., (2009), that due to the peculiarity of the geographical location and tropical climatic conditions in Nigeria, as well as, with combine behavioural practices such as; leaving of stagnant water within the surrounds which p... ... middle of paper ... ...k, R. (2012).
Works Cited Alemu, Abebe, Yitayal Shiferaw, Zelalem Addis, Biniam Mathewos, and Wubet Birhan. "Effect of Malaria on HIV/AIDS Transmission and Progression." Parasites & Vectors 6.1 (2013): 1-8. Academic Search Complete. Web.
Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite that lives both in mosquitoes and humans; Wikipedia defines malaria as a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by a eukaryotic protist of the genus Plasmodium. It is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of the Americas, Asia, and Africa. However malaria to me is a nightmare, it is scary as hell, very frustrating and intimidating disease that puts you down. In my village malaria is a disease that is common during rainy season due to presence of stagnant water which is a breeding ground for mosquitoes. My first experience with malaria was at age 12.
Denguevirusnet. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2014 . "Aedes aegypti (Yellow Fever Mosquito) Fact Sheet."
Afterwards, the red blood cells burst and release the parasites. Some of the para... ... middle of paper ... ...ion people annually. As the Plasmodium parasites mutate more and more to resist the effect of antimalarials, it becomes harder for scientist to find a cure (Treatment of Malaria, 1996). Over forty percent of the world’s population still at risk from this deadly disease, is yearning for a cheap, effective vaccine (Cann, 1996). Bibliography Dr. Cann, Alan J.
Retrieved on January 30, 2014, from http://news.msn.com/science-technology/vietnam-releases-dengue-blocking-mosquito Paddock, M. (2010). What is dengue fever? What causes dengue fever?. Retrieved on January 30, 2014, from http://medicalnewstoday.com/articles/179471.php World Health Organization. [CDP].