Epidemiological Determinants Of The Measles

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Epidemiological Determinants The Measles starts with a fever, runny nose, cough, red eyes, and sore throat. It is then followed by a rash that spreads over the body, starting first on the face along the hairline. The infectious period of measles is 4 days before rash onset through 4 days after rash onset. The measles are a highly contagious virus that lives in the nose and throat mucus and spreads through the air through coughing and sneezing. (WHO, 2016). The measles virus can remain airborne for up to an hour after the infected person has left the area. The measles are so contagious that if one person has it, 90% of the unvaccinated people close to them will become infected. Rarely can the virus be deadly. The incubation period for measles is 8-12 days. A measles outbreak occurred between January and February of 2015 which involved Brazil, Canada, Mexico, and the United States in which there were a total of 147 cases reported. There were 17 states involved in the United States, including Washington, D.C in which 121 measles cases were reported. The outbreak likely stated from a traveler who became infected overseas with measles and visited the amusement park while infectious (WHO, 2016). Therefore, the overseas traveler would have come via an airplane. Additionally, the crossing state lines in the United States would of happened via car or airplane. The majority of the cases 103 are linked to an amusement park in California, which they visited between 17 and 20 of December 2014. The age range of the patients were less than 12 months to 59 years of age. (WHO, 2016). In January 2015 an 11-year-old unvaccinated child with an onset of a rash appeared on December 28, 2014. The only notable travel history during th... ... middle of paper ... ...mplications of Measles, 2016). Another common complication that can turn deadly is pneumonia, in which people suffer severe complication and require hospitalization with the possibility of death. It is the most common cause of death in young children with as many as one in twenty children. Additionally, one in every 1,000 who get measles will develop encephalitis that can lead to convulsions and leave the child deaf or with intellectual disability. (Complications of Measles, 2016). Hospitals would have the staff to care for them as most have had the measles vaccine because vaccines are required by law. Therefore, the system would not be taxed or overwhelmed. The patients would be placed in airborne isolation to prevent the spread of measles to others in close contact. Overall, the City of Fort Wayne would be able to handle and contain a measles outbreak.

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