Throughout the United States, communities of color have been the dumping grounds for waste disposal and a space for manufacturing industries to sustain the pollution of lands. Cultural practices and government policies prolong and contribute to the ongoing cycle of environmental racism. Waste products increase as industry expands, and this creates a toxic waste for humans, animals, and plants. In most of these affected communities, there are not enough clinics or education to raise awareness on these matters. This is essentially problematic for Native people that depend on natural law for food and survival.
Despite notable improvements in environmental inequalities, internationally, billions of people live in hazardous physical conditions. Furthermore, “These communities suffer both the physical and social consequences of housing discrimination, residential segregation, and... ... middle of paper ... ...org/who-we-are/) Mohai, Paul and Robin Saha. 2007. “Racial Inequality in the Distribution of Hazardous Waste: A National-Level Reassessment.” Social Problems 54 (3): 343-370. Park, S. Rozeila.
Bibliography Boerner, Christopher. "Environmental Injustice." Public Interest. Winter 1995, Issue 118. Bullard, Robert D. "Overcoming Racism in Environmental Decisionmaking."
Susskind, Lawrence E., William Moomaw and Teresa L. Hill ed. Innovations in International Environmental Negotiation. (1997) Cambridge, MA: PON Books. Winnefeld, James A. and Mary E. Morris. Where Environmental Concerns and Security Strategies Meet: Green Conflict in Asia and the Middle East.
The topic of environmental racism was first introduced to me during an Ethnic Lecture Series at UW-Parkside in 2013. Environmental racism is the placement of low-income or minority communities that are affected by hazardous chemicals. Furthermore, people of color are more likely to reside in areas with increased exposure to air, water, and land pollution, hazardous waste treatment facilities, pesticide and chemical exposure, and geographic or residential isolation. I found it very troubling how often this is occurring in the United States. Social justice needs to be available for people living in areas where environmental racism affects their community.
In the modern twenty-first century, there are many parts of society that are overlooked. Those that live in the higher rungs of the social order often live in the comfort of others. This phenomenon is known as environmental racism, which can be defined as any environmental policy, practice, or directive that disproportionately disadvantages nonwhite communities (Desmond and Emirbayer: 196). However, these policies can discriminate against poor whites as well since environmental racism categorically attacks communities that are less economically advantaged and live in poorer neighborhoods. Through environmental racism, the rich profit and the poor suffer, and this is done many times at the cost of people’s lives as seen in the case of Native
Mentioning feminism can create a very negative reaction, and has caused many heated debates over the subject. Eco-Feminism looks at the connection between gender, race, socioeconomic status and environmental degradation. Eco-Feminism also examines the impacts environmental racism has on global communities and climate change. Residents living in toxic communities, have higher levels of asthma and cancer at epidemic rates. Women of low-income, color and immigrants in hazardous workplaces.
Environmental Pollution “is the undesired spread of toxic chemicals into the aquatic and terrestrial habitats of the world” (Reference). Pollution poses a threat to the health of civilians, harms our environment, and is the number one threat that we are faced upon. There are multiple types of pollution that affect our environment daily which include air, land, water, thermal, noise, and light. These various types of pollution all contribute to the overall factor of how detrimental pollution is. Not only does pollution have an affect on society, but it also takes a huge toll on our environment.
Westport: Praeger, 1997. - Schwab, Jim. Deeper Shades of Green. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1994 - Smith, Zachary A. The Environmental Paradox.
"The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia." The Moral Life: An Introductory Reader in Ethics and Literature. By Louis P. Pojman and Lewis Vaughn. 4th ed. New York: Oxford UP, 2011.