Environmental Issues Q&A

2010 Words9 Pages
Question 1 In what ways has distributive approach to achieving environmental justice been problematic in western nations? In the 1980’s, emerging environmental justice movements brought with them the promise of a better environmental future for all; unfortunately there were major flaws in their distribution approach to achieving justice. The notion of environmental distribution was created to equally distribute the environments goods and harms of society and to distribute ones chances of living near a hazardous area, equally. However, much to societies’ amazement, this did always occur in western nations. Throughout the first half of the 20th century, the majority of people who were able to support groups interested in current environmental issues, consisted of the privileged whites initially. In saying that, it can be seen that environmental organisations still continue to reflect these early principals (Silveira 2001). When environment movements were first established they excluded minorities and working class people from their decision making, therefore their environmental issues were ignored. This exclusion of low-income minorities, which included Latino, and Hispanic Americans felt isolated, further leading them into being negatively impacted on by these movements. Studies over the years have shown that there can be several theories to explain this discrimination toward these particular groups. One of which states “poor and minority communities have lower capacity to resist the development of unwanted land use [as they are targeted for having] … the lowest amount of public and legal resistance” (Driscoll & Edwards 2008: 2). This problem can be seen in the United States, as race plays a major role in the location of... ... middle of paper ... ...eing forced into becoming domestic servants and into professions such as prostitution. Not only did technological modernisation strategies affect nations within themselves, but all around the world. Herrmann (1995) states that “transnational corporations have played an increasingly significant role in national, regional and international economics”. With TNCs expanding all around the world, impacts on the environment, which has led to basic human rights placed at risk (Holtz 1995). Reference List Herrman, P (1995) Human environmental crisis and the transnational corporation: the question of culpability. Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal. Holtz, Timothy . "Impact of Transnational Corporations on Human Rights and Health." 01-01 2006. Acessed 11-07- 2010, .
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