As I stated previously, this is the most extensive reef system anywhere in the world. It is also the largest structure that is made completely of living organisms. It is the breeding area of a number of marine life and endangered species. The humpback whale travels here from the Antarctic to give birth to their young. Also, six of the seven species of sea turtle travel here to breed on the reef.
Coral reefs are the most diverse ecosystems on the planet, not only by the number of species but the differences between its inhabitants. The diversity of species and species groups, and also the complex relationships between them makes the coral reefs home to twenty five percent of all marine species in the world. Unfortunately thanks to the global warming , human over-fishing and pollution Coral Reefs are threatened and can disappear. Coral Reefs provide an endless number of benefits to the environment and to humans and therefore they must be protected. Corals are the base of one of the most valuable ecosystems in the world, corals are in charge of building the reef, where a large number of species of fishes, mollusk, crabs and other inhabitants live.
Surveys of the Great Barrier Reef suggest that more than 90 percent of it has been affected by bleaching. The Great Barrier Reef, known arguably the most iconic, and well known coral reef on the planet is not immune to bleaching. Penis. The problem however is not only in the GBR, it’s stretching as far as the South Pacific to the Caribbean. With the rate of reef bleaching increasing, the toll taken on the ecosystem will increase as well as many fish who rely on getting food at reefs will have to find new hunting grounds.
Some are being severely damaged by the existing water pollution, overfishing as well as destructive fishing practices, diseases, global climate change, and ship groundings. Coral reefs are also presently endangered by natural phenomena’s such as hurricanes, El Nino, coastal development, pollution, and careless tourism. The global effects of climate changes that are happening now is the increasing temperature of the ocean and the increasing levels of CO2 present in the atmosphere which is hurting and damaging the coral
From 1982 until 1987 the amount of cruise ships that anchored in the Caribbean rose form thirty five to eighty two. Speculations say that by the time 1995 arrived there would be more than one hundred and sixty cruise ships that would drop anchor in the Caribbean and some point” (Allen, 1992).Even though, anchor damage by ships and other sea bearing vessels cause a majority of damage to coral reefs; global warming plays a role in the damage done to coral reefs. Global warming and natural disasters are a diminishing factor to the damage to coral reefs as well. With natural disasters such as hurricanes this brings along with it increase in rain and colder temperatures. With the increased rain, it in turn changes the salinity of the ocean.
(Refer 0.1) It has 2500 different reefs and is home to 1500 species of fish, 350 different types of coral. It is a major breeding area for humpback whales, sea turtles and sea birds. The Great Barrier Reef provides many jobs and has created many industries in Queensland. It is the most significant drawcard for tourism in Queensland. Although the Great Barrier Reef has many species of living creatures.
Coral Reefs. These amazing organisms play a huge role in the lives of millions of people, as well as on countless species of animals and plants, in more ways than one might imagine. They serve to protect coastlines from major storms, they provide shelter to countless species of fish and aquatic vegetation, and they help to bolster economies in areas surrounding them as tourist attractions. Is coral incredible? Yes.
Among the many marvels the Earth’s oceans host, kelp forests as well as coral reefs are incredibly diverse ecosystems that bring opportunities for biodiversity and thriving undersea environments. Kelp forests towering above the ocean floor can grow to over a hundred feet tall, providing a dense habitat for creatures living within. Coral reefs can grow to be hundreds of miles wide, as seen with the Great Barrier Reef in the Pacific Ocean. These reefs much like the kelp forests they share the sea with, provide for rich environments teeming with biodiversity and plenty of undersea resources. In recent years these reefs along with their kelp forest counterparts are being harvested more and more by humans for various commercial and non-commercial uses.
Abstract: Humans have a very large effect on the ecosystems of coral reefs. Sensitivity of coral reefs causes them to be more susceptible to harmful anthropogenic practices. Some of these are sedimentation, global warming, recreational activities, poison fishing, blast fishing practices, water pollution, and coral mining. All of these very different practices can effectively end up with the same results; the mortality of coral reefs around the world. Coral reefs are an important ecosystem of the world, and support many different industries and millions of people.
Rainforests are defined by an excessive amount of rainfall. They are extremely vital organs of the global ecosystem and are responsible for nearly a third of the world’s oxygen provision. With over 30 million different species of plants and animals, they are believed to be the eldest and most complex land based ecosystems on the globe. Rainforests can be thought of as massive sponges, which suck up over half of the world’s rainfall and then release it back into the air in the forms of giant compounds of mist and water vapor. Throughout the 20th century tropical rainforests have become subject to great agricultural clearances and logging, which have shrunken the occupancy of rainforests dramatically.