Over the years, various researchers have approached travel motivation and several authors have described their findings as a ‘fuzzy mix’ of theories and models given the complexity of both the tourism industry and of human behaviour. However, in an effort to structure this ‘fuzzy mix’, Sharpley (1994) suggests looking at travel motivation from two different standpoints: extrinsic motivation, meaning that motivation results from influences external to tourists (but not destination-specific) and intrinsic motivation which considers the individual needs of tourists per se. Sharpley (ibid) noticed from previous works that extrinsic motivation could result from an internalisation of external values, norms and pressures, which in time could become psychological needs. Factors such as work environment and its threefold relationship with tourism (travel to compensate what i... ... middle of paper ... ...Tourism Research, 9 (2), pp. 256-262.
Waryszak, R. Z. & Kim, H. (1995). Psychographic segmentation of tourists as a predictor of their travel behavior. Journal of Hospitality & Leisure Marketing, 2(4), 5-19. doi: 10.1300/J150v02n04_02 Wearing, S., Stevenson, D., & Young, T. (2010). Tourist Culture: Identity, Place and the Travelers.
Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 30 (3), pg. 354-377. Leung, D. ,Law, R. ,Van Hoof, H. & Buhalis, D. (2013) Social Media in Tourism and Hospitality: A Literature Review. Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing, 30 (1-2), pp. 3-22 Prayag, G. (2009) Tourist Evaluation of Destination Image, Satisfaction and Future, Behavioural Intention.
In tourism, motivation is considered a critical variable and a driving force behind tourist behavior (Crompton, 1979). Tourist motivation is considered as the core of a tourists’ continuous behavioral process. Although motivation explains a large portion of the variance in tourist behavior, motivation can only partially explain tourist behavior (Crompton, 1979). To understand tourist behavior, it is necessary to investigate the relationship between tourist motivation and behavior or the interrelations among motivation and other behavioral determinants. This study aimed to provide comprehensive understanding of a structural model explaining tourist behavioral intention.
London: Routledge. In this text, Burns discusses the varying connections between anthropology and tourism as an outcome of globalisation as well as differentiating tourism as a system rather than a phenomenon. The author critiques the way that tourists have been defined and discussed in the academic world and discusses the motivations causing people to become tourists. His research focuses specifically on the relevance of culture as globalisation leads to the creation of a homogenous society. This text is useful to my research topic of globalisation and tourism, as Burns presents the fact that consumerism, globalisation and tourism are all concepts that are interconnected and suggests that due to their interdependence on one another, can lead to a culture losing its meaning thereby accompanied by a loss of feelings and social solidarity.
(2009) 'Interactions Between Visual Appeals, Holiday Motivation, Destination Personality and the Self-Image: Implications for Destination Advertising', Journal of Travel and Tourism Research, vol. 9, no. 2, October, pp. 75-104. Zhang, Y., Qu, H. and Tavitiyaman, P. (2009) 'The Determinants of the Travel Demand on International Tourism Arrivals to Thailand', Asia Pasific Journal of Tourism Research, vol.
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