It is sometimes described as the period of full inflections. The Middle English period (from 1150-1500)- describes dialects of English in the history of the English language between the High and L... ... middle of paper ... ...nglish Philia Friend Phobia Fear Aracno Spider Nomy Laws Words that are borrowed from Scandinavian to English language are: Cog, carrot, toilet, flence, wicker, mink, midden, ect… Although English has had a large influence on many languages, it has also been greatly influenced by other languages. It is estimated that over 80% of the English vocabulary has been borrowed from other languages. Many of these borrowed words have become so common that we don’t even notice them as foreign any more. Professor : Student: Qatip Arifi Arta Cerkini
English changed a great deal, since it was generally being talked rather than composed for around 300 years. The utilization of Old English returned, however with many French words included. This dialect is called Middle English. The majority of the words implanted in the English vocabulary are expressions of force, for example, crown, manor, court, parliament, armed force, chateau, outfit, excellence, feast, workmanship, writer, sentiment, duke, hireling, worker, trickster and senator. ("Dialect Timeline", The British Library Board) Since the English underclass cooked for the Norman privileged, the words for most local creatures are English (bull, cow, calf, sheep, swine, deer) while the words for the meats got from them are French (hamburger, veal, lamb, pork, bacon, venison).
Oxford College and many other American institutions are culturally diverse. English is the formal language for American education system. At the same time, English is the lingua franca, hence widely spoken across the globe. Nevertheless, English has hundreds of dialects and thousands of accents which sometimes make communication between two English speakers ineffective. Non-native English-speaking students at Oxford College and many other American learning institutions have poor learning experience.
Presently, English is the most wide spread language in terms of the number of countries that speak the language as a mother tongue or foreign language. Regardless of languages such as Mandarin, Arabic and Spanish having a great number of speakers, English dominates as a foreign language for many. A Newsweek Magazine article, written by John McWhorter, ranks English as the world’s international language today and states it is likely to remain this way in the future (McWhorter). Writer Dorie Clark for Forbes Magazine also supports this claim from an economic perspective, whereas English is seen as the global language of business as well (Clark). The importance of English is measurable by its increasing expansion in several nations around the world.
Dialects, Idioms, Slang and Pronunciation of the American Language There are hundreds of regional dialects within the same language. These dialects reflect the everyday experience of people living in different parts of the country and shape their cultural identity. Someone from Pittsburgh sounds very different than someone from Texas, and if they speak to each other, they will have a good guess as to where the other is from. The type of English spoken in the United States is commonly known as American English (Delaney). Various dialects are the result of historical, geographical, and social factors.
This creates a common ground between Standard English speakers, those who have learned English as a second language, and AAVE speakers. Each dialect its own rules which are similar to the Standard English template they are based on, but are also varying in the manner they are applied in specific situations. Labov describes several instances where AAVE violates the type II (Semicatagorical) behavioral rule. For example, AAVE calls for “be” in place of “am, are, and is”. This can create much confusion between student and teacher.
There are even thirty (30) states that have succeeded through their own statutes to declare English as an official language of their particular state (www.us-english.org). It seems that this topic has been a heated debate for the past couple of decades, which has caused some division over the issue. I learned that there are a variety of pros and cons that you can argue about this issue. I chose to be a part of the pro English side for three reasons: I believe that making English our official language (1) would allow the education system to focus on English as the primary language, (2) it would unite our country in regards to racial discrimination, and (3) our government and business operations would be a little more streamlined. The United States is often called the melting pot because of th... ... middle of paper ... ... immersed society through our businesses, education systems, and government sectors.
The Malays themselves claimed that they have to stick with the mother tongue as it shows a sign of patriotism. As if speaking and learning second language, English would jeopardize the status of Malay as the national language. Little did they know, mastering second language is somehow a bonus and an added value for Malaysians to survive in this era. Malaysia has already experience declination of English standards and English has become the weaker language of most Malaysians (Tan and Raman, 2007). Tan and Raman (2007) also stated that school leavers and graduates are facing possibilities of unemployment because they are lacking in terms of English proficiency.
English in many developed countries are being used as the official language; for example it is used as the official language in European Union and in many commonwealth countries as well as many world organisations. It is also the third most natively spoken language in the world, after manderin chinese and spanish. Modern English is the most dominant and is required for communications, sciences, information technology, businesses, aviation, entertainment, radio, architecture, engineering and diplomacy. A working knowledge of english has become a requirement in a number of fields, occupations and professions. The field of Interior Design would be by definition to turn a space into an effective setting or arrangement for human activity to take place.
The amount of money it takes to be a country without an official language is astronomical. The latest research show, “English and Spanish are just two of nearly 400 languages spoken here” (Ross 1). For many years now the Untied States has been one of the most diverse places in the world. With so many languages spoken here businesses and other obligations have to use translators to negotiate with one another. This is why many people agree that, “The U.S. Congress and individual states should adopt legislation making English the official language of government, so that government business should be conducted in English, with common-sense exceptions for services related to health and safety” (Mujica 47).