The British Parliament was exploiting its colonies to pay for the war debt accrued from the French and Indian War. The Americans felt the British had too much control over them with all the taxes they imposed, so they went to war. Money was certainly one of the major causes of the American Revolution. The Americans won when Lord Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown when surrounded by American and French troops. A peace treaty wasn't signed until two years later, when Great Britain formally recognized independence.
Meig’s Raid of Sag Harbor negated the losses sustained in the tragic burning of Danbury and established Connecticut as a Patriot stronghold in the Colonies, causing the British to only raid the naturally exposed coasts of the state in the future. Connecticut also sent a company of cavalry and two regiments of infantry to aid Major General Horatio Gates in the victory over John Burgoyne at the crucial Battle of Saratoga that convinced France to join the colonial cause, and ultimately proved to be the turning point in the war for independence. Throughout the American Revolution, Connecticut proved itself of paramount importance through the storage and distribution of provisions to the northern and eastern states, and the intrastate cooperation that transformed the small colony into the Patriot bulwark of New England.
The first major cause of the American Revolution was the French and Indian War, a long and brutal crusade that expelled the French from all of their American territory. The most negative outcome of this war was the arrears factor: once Britain came out victorious, they realized that they were deeply in debt, and thus they commanded the colonists to indirectly pay them for what they had lost. For example, unnecessary taxes were levied almost immediately without the colonists’ assent. As mentioned in Theodore Draper’s notions about the American Revolution, the colonists did not agree with this, but to prevent unnecessary violence, their only option was to comply, as the colonies were proud to be British. However, the colonies were still outraged and could not stand being taxed for things that had previously been free of charge, so they organized a sanction of British goods, only to fail after a short period of time.
The Americans desperately needed aid and military supplies. The Americans wisely honed in on the French’s spirit of revenge against the British to gain the aid that would allow them to win the war. If history remained as is up to the point of the outbreak of the revolution, Britain would have eventually subdued the colonists alone with their superior military, weapons supply, financial abilities and greater population. However, with the aid of the French and with Britain be preoccupied with issues in Ireland the American colonists were able to achieve victory in establishing their independence. It is amusing to play with the what-ifs in history, but the what-dids have contributed to the America we know today.
Overall, the defeat of the Spanish Armada by the hands of the English had almost been like the defeat of the great Philistine Goliath by David. This naval battle, however, did much more good for England, than just an increase in pride. After this battle, England took the role as the greatest power in Europe, and Spain, with a damaged army and damaged pride, could do nothing to prevent this from happening.
This was a powerful weapon against smuggling, but most importantly to the Colonists; it allowed the invasion of their privacy. This was crossing the line and violating the rights of an English man. During the Seven Years War, the British sent over ten thousand troops to America to deal with property problems at the frontier. This cost a large amount of money, and Britain did not want to see the sum come out of its own pocket. To pay for some of the expense, Britain began to pass acts to tax the colonists and lighten the severe debt the empire was in.
By the Glorious Revolution of the 17th century, England was already miles ahead of their European brethren. William of Orange and his wife, Mary, took over the English throne after King James fled to France on the heels of his failed attempts to rul... ... middle of paper ... ...to govern their local towns and were therefore motivated to pay taxes that eventually led to the strong military force and navy that were steadily building due to economic prosperity. Sir Robert Walpole is thought of the first prime minister of Great Britain and while he was in power “the English state combined considerable military power with both religious and political liberty” (The Western Heritage p 381) because he allowed his opposition to openly criticize him and his policies. Works Cited Glorious Revolution." The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition.
Parliament’s resentment of the king’s tyrannical actions combined with its resistance to control the king refused to grant Charles financial support for the war with Ireland in 1640. Charles retaliated and made inevitable a civil war when he dissolved Parliament once more and arrested five of its members (Taylor vii). The resulting tension between Charles and Parliament eventually erupted in a Civil War in 1642 and lasted until 1651. Many scholars have been associating the phenomenon of the English Civil War to a variety of causes and motives. Among Parliament’s support... ... middle of paper ... ....
Key decisive victories such as the Battle of Yorktown for example would have been simply impossible without the navy provided by France (Kennedy, Cohen, Bailey 158). This served perfectly for the Americans as without foreign military aid to consolidate their weak forces, winning the war would have been all but a dream. Analyzing the American Revolution from a greater global perspective, shows how that the birth of the U.S. was more a result of European motives play rather than it’s own desire for liberty, and independence. The colonies were used as an instrument by many powers of the Old World, to provide for their own interests. The war was fought the French Navy, Dutch and Spanish money, and Dutch supplies.
The passing of the oppressive Intolerable Acts that took away the colonists’ right to elected officials and Townshend Acts which taxed imports and allowed British troops without warrants to search colonist ships received a more aggravated response from the colonist that would end in a Revolution. Initially, the American colonists reacted with peaceful and log... ... middle of paper ... ...e. On the other hand, the British had up to the Battle of Lexington had colonist’s rebellion as a simple nuisance. However, as the American colonists retaliated and killed British soldiers, the British knew they had to use a stronger hand to force the colonies into submission. Thus the point of no return had finally been reached and the American Revolution began. Oppression is the birth of revolution no matter ones loyalty to their oppressor.