English As A Second Language Education

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English As A Second Language Education When the English as a second language learner (ESL) or the English language learner (ELL) students have achieved English proficiency, it helps students to develop their understanding of mathematics. Students then effectively use mathematical tools, charts, patterns and other strategies, as well as their prior learning experiences to make connections to solve related problems. The majority are able to transfer their manipulative exploration to solving problems with pencil and paper. Students use multiple solutions and strategies when they solve problems. They express their mathematical thinking through drawing, writing, and speaking. Students socialize their intelligence through playing games and taking part in opportunities for team or pair work, when they explain their thinking. Upper grade students often find it difficult to discuss or write in mathematical terms, even after they have been given multiple opportunities to investigate. In order to make schematic connections, instruction must be meaningful (in a language students can understand) and relevant (relating to students’ prior knowledge). Meaningful contains native language or sheltered English. Relevant contains culturally and/or experientially familiar. English language development that is integrated with developing knowledge about, for example, American school life and procedures, is usually a more effective way of proceeding than simply focusing on English language (Duff, 2001). The activities, tasks, and problems that students encounter should be accessible to students with a wide range of knowledge and skills. That is, students with diverse backgrounds should be able to understand what is required, make meaningful ... ... middle of paper ... ...erse Students. http://www.sofweb.vic.edu.au/lem/esl/evce.html. Lass, M. J. (1988). Suggestions from research for improving mathematics instruction for bilinguals. School Science and Mathematics, 88, 480-486. McKeon, Denise & Samway, Katharine. (1999). “Myths and Realities: Best practice for language minority students.” Heinemann. Perkins, Cathy. Equity in mathematics assessment for English as a second language students. The University of Georgia. Summer 1995. http://jwilson.coe.uga.edu/EMT705/EMT705.Perkins.html. Raborn, Diane. “Bilingual Education Journal.” Mathematics for students with learning disabilities from language-minority backgrounds: recommendations for teaching. NY, V10, pp. 25-33. Summer 1995. Seceda,Walter G. Teaching mathematics for understanding to bilingual students. http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/pathways/immigration/mathematics.htm.
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