English As A Second Language (ESOL)

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English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL). English as a Second Language (ESL). Limited English Proficiency (LEP). English Language Learners (ELL). All of these are programs for students who did not learn English as their first language. Every day, students face many different challenges while going to school. Some struggle to grasp the concepts of math. Some struggle to manage their time wisely. Many struggle to get up in the morning. Many also struggle to fit in. But many of these struggles would be a little easier for those who have learned English as their first language. Those who did not, juggle learning English while trying to learn new concepts that are taught in English. It starts to sound like a catch 22, which is part of the…show more content…
It wasn’t until 1967 that the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) was amended to create the Bilingual Education Act (BEA) which provided discretionary, supplemental funding to those school districts that established programs to meet the need of children with limited English speaking ability. In 1974, the US Supreme Court expanded the rights of students with limited English proficiency in Lau v. Nichols. Then, in 1982, the Supreme Court struck down Texas statute denying public education to illegal immigrant children in Plyler v. Doe. By 1999, 43 states and the district of Columbia had laws providing for bilingual education & ESL instruction. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 folded in bilingual education making it a requirement for states and districts to help children who are limited English proficient to develop a level of academic attainment in English that would enable them to meet the same State standard academic standards that all children are expected to meet.
So, less than 200 years ago, students struggled to gain access to a bilingual education. Now, today we stand with a federal law that requires states to provide language education to all non-native English speaking students. While we may have moved legally and lawfully into a new era that opens doors for those who speak another language, we may not all have moved on from the racism, the stereotypes
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If a student takes care of their siblings after school or has a job to support their family, it is unlikely that homework will take a priority. It is important to understand your students as equal human beings in order to encourage them to stay and learn to the best of their abilities. Which begins with listening to your students and trying to understand where they are coming from. A student’s dialect and or native tongue does not determine their capabilities. It is vital to remember to keep a positive attitude because a teacher’s attitude can easily convey lower expectations. You should never reject a student’s dialect or native language because that will be viewed as a personal rejection. Once you realize and understand this, you can begin to be aware of your own responses to these students and you can begin to erase the walls that discourage them by showing them that they are accepted
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