English And The Development Of English In The English Vocabulary

1031 Words5 Pages
NAME: HANI SYAFINI ZULKIFLI SITI FAIRUZ MOHD FAUZI TITTLE: LOANWORDS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Development of English vocabulary 2.0 Influence of Latin in English vocabulary 2.1 Old English 2.2 Middle English 2.3 Modern English 3.0 Influence of French in English vocabulary 3.1 Middle English 3.2 Modern English 4.0 Influence of Germanic in English vocabulary 4.1 Low Germanic 4.2 High Germanic 5.0 Influence of other languages in English vocabulary 5.1 Italian 5.2 Spanish and Portuguese 6.0 Conclusion 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Development of English vocabulary Celts, Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Danes, and Norman French had invaded the Great Britain years ago. Since then, the people there are mixed of genes, cultures, and spoken languages. As the result, despite the culture, the language also mongrelized. When someone imitate a foreign word, they are said to borrow it, and the action is called borrowing or loanwords. Thus, other than native English words, all the vocabulary are borrowed from foreign language or coined with its elements. 2.0 Influence of Latin in English vocabulary Latin influence in English can be seen in Old English, Middle English as well as Modern English. 2.2 Old English At first, the loanwords from Latin are candel ‘candle’ (latin candela), earc ‘ark’ (Latin arca), port ‘harbor’ (Latin portus). Latin also influence most of the elements in English places such as Lancaster, Manchester, Casterton and Chesterfield. Most of this places were former Roman military stations. Some of the loanwords have close relation to Latin etyma. For example, the word alter ‘altar’ (Latin altar), circul ‘circle’ (Latin circulus), templ ‘temple’ (Latin templum), (a)postle ‘apostle’ (Latin apostolu... ... middle of paper ... ...ackwurst), noodle (Nudel), pretzel, pumpernickel, sauerbraten, sauerkraut, schnitzel, wienerwurst, and zwieback. Besides that, the words angst, hamster, landau (from the place of that name), waltz and the dog names dachshund, Doberman(n) pinscher, poodle (Pudel) and spitz are other words used from German. The words seminar and semester are originally Latin but these words entered English via German. 5.0 Influence of other languages in English vocabulary English has taken from other languages as well such as Italian, Spanish and Portuguese through travel, trade, exploration and colonization. 5.1 Italian Many musical terminologies were acquired from Italian, another Romance language. The words alto, duo, fugue, madrigal, presto, viola da gamba (viol for the leg) and violin appeared in English during the early sixteenth century. 5.2 Spanish and Portuguese

More about English And The Development Of English In The English Vocabulary

Open Document