The appointed legislature is the House of Lords, and they constitute the unwritten constitution, acting as an extra safety measure, also with the ability to criticize and approve laws. The judiciary upholds the law and represents such as the UK courts of law. The crown is the monarch, and Her Majesty’s role is to represent the United Kingdom as a symbol of ceremony and tradition, and sign bills into law. The most essential element that distinguishes the Westminster model is the executive power that is given to the largest party after a first past the post election. Additionally, with the fusion of powers, the party that controls the legislature also directs the executive branch.
This elected parliament is very important because though New Zealand has a queen it is the parliament which has the power to legislate or pass laws. The queen is represented by the Governor General whom she appoints on the advice of the Prime Minister. The legislative power of New Zealand resides in the parliament which is made up of the Queen and the upper house and legislative council but was abolished in 1950. Parliament supremacy over the queen and other government institutional was established when in England the bills of right was passed in 1689 and was ratified as law in in New Zealand. The executive power is exercised by the cabinet led by the prime minister.
So, which is the best kind of government? Is it the monarch or the republic? It is important to look at the difference between monarchs and republics and how they came about. Monarchies are usually run by a king or queen. These rulers are heads of the government because of birth.
Introduction A parliamentary system of government is one in which government governs in and through the assembly of the parliament, thereby fusing the executive and legislative branch of government. Heywood (2000:313). Although they are formally distinct, the assembly and the executive are bound together in a way that violates the doctrine of separation of power. The British Parliament is one of the oldest parliaments in the world. This study is concerned with understanding the efficiency and effectiveness of the parliament in producing legislation.
Legislation Legislation can be divided into primary legislation and secondary legislation. Primary legislation is law enacted by the Parliament. A statute is also known as an Act of Parliament or legislation. It should be noted that many lawyers and judges use these words interchangeably. Under the British constitution, the power to enact, revoke and alter laws is vested in the Parliament and it is recognised that this power is supreme.
Power of the British Prime Minister The prime minister is that person who leads the majority party in the House of Commons, or who commands a majority of support in that house. PMs continue in office until they resign or concede a defeat after a general election. They also may reign after losing a motion of no confidence. In the 19th Century, Bagehot wrote (in the English constitution 1867), that parliamentary government had been superseded by Cabinet Government - that the theoretical sovereignty of parliament had been delegated to the executive for all practical purposes. The powers of government, and its cohesion under the convention of collective responsibility, ensured that the government could maintain a united front in the face of parliamentary opposition.
Reasons why the separation of powers is an important factor in the UK Constitution. Finally, the significance of changes made to the doctrine over the years. The legislature is made up of the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The legislative role involves; making laws and general rules that govern the powers of public authorities that maintain the structure and conduct of the ordinary citizen as well as private institutions. The Queen holds primary authority in parliament, however parliament does not directly make new legislation that is passed by executive bodies which receive their power from parliament.
The largest industry is petroleum production which helps the economy a lot. Fish is an important food and is eaten with almost all meals because, of the access to water. The country’s Independence Day is May 17, very significant to all inhabitants. As a whole, Norway is very advanced with almost all of Europe. They have their own language, currency, military, and provides mostly for itself.
The head of state and theoretical source of executive and legislative power in the UK is the British monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II. In theory, the British sovereign can dissolve Parliament whenever they desire. They can in theory choose any British citizen to be Prime Minister, even if they are not a member of the House of Commons or House of Lords. Theoretically, the Sovereign possesses the ability to refrain from granting Royal Assent to a Bill from Parliament, in addition to being able to declare war and appoint ministers. In practice, the head of state is a largely ceremonial role, with powers restricted by convention.
The oceans also regulate the climate, and gives energy in forms of wave, wind, and tidal power (14). In addition, the oceans contribute to the world's economy by holding more than 90% of world trade (14). "The ocean is the trading route for the planet", is what the NOAA says about the oceans connection to trade. By sea a bunch of different products are traded and collected amount of about $352 billion by U.S. GDP (NOAA). Moreover, Frank says that even though the oceans play an essential role in all these areas, "the most important things the waters offer .