Energy Resources

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Petroleum is a mineral that’s made up of mostly hydrogen and carbon. Petroleum can be a gas, liquid, or a solid. (newzeland.gov.nz, 2011) Petroleum came from a Latin word “petra” meaning rock and “oleum” meaning oil. (American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 2013) Petroleum could be as thick and dark as tar. It could also be as thin as water. (THE NEED PROJECT, 2013) Petroleum is a big source of energy today. Petroleum produces fourty percent of our energy today. (Osakagas, 2013) We use it to produce gas for our vehicles. (THE PETROLEUM ZONE , 2013) Petroleum has a very high level of energy. (Institute for Energy Research, 2013) Burning one gallon of gas produces nineteen pounds of carbon dioxide. (Energy-101.org, 2013) Petroleum is used in makeup. (THE NEED PROJECT, 2013) Petroleum is found at depths ranging from a couple hundred feet to two or three kilometers. To find a location to mine for petroleum we have look at the ground from the sky and test the ground to see if there is any petroleum in that location. Holes are drilled and pipes are inserted into the ground until they hit rock that hold petroleum. Once petroleum is found and the pressure is released from the rock into the pipes, the petroleum flows out on its own. (Khanna, 2013) We will eventually run out of petroleum, it will be when we don’t make a profit when mining for it. Geologists are suggesting we will run out of petroleum in the next few decades at the rate we are using it. The amount of petroleum left depends on how hard we want to work for it and how much we want to pay for it. Geologists think that the U.S. will run out of petroleum in 50 years or by the end of this century and the world will shortly after us. (Botkin, 2010) On average gas is $3.70... ... middle of paper ... ...008) Drive less frequently. Walk, bike, use public transportation or telecommute if possible. If daily car use is a must, consider buying a hybrid. Consider alternatives to heating oil, such as natural gas, solar panels, EPA-approved wood-burning stoves or geothermal heat pumps, which use the constant temperature of the earth as the exchange medium instead of the outside air temperature. (findingDulcinea Staff , 2008) Works Cited 1. Botkin, D. (2010, 3 30). Environmental effects of petroleum. Retrieved from http://www.ftpress.com/articles/article.aspx?p=1573021&seqNum=11 2. National geographic. (2013, 10 25). hydroelectric energy. Retrieved from http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/encyclopedia/hydroelectric-energy/?ar_a=1 3. Clean Energy. (2013, 9 25). Hydroelectricity. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-and-you/affect/hydro.html

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