Endometriosis starts when a woman or a young girl is old enough to be going through menses, menses is the medical term for the menstrual cycle. Endometriosis starts out as small little sores what doctors call “ Nodules”, these tiny little sores can grow on the inside and the outside of the uterus and also on the fallopian tubes, and ovaries. At an early stage the sores can look like tiny clear pimples and be the size of a pea, and over time they become either a dark brown or a deep black color. The sores can be in big groups covering large parts of the infected area, or be one every once in awhile. (T he New York Times, "Endometriosis In-Degth Regort").
A surgeon will be removing the cancer within the pancreas plus tissue around the area that may contain some cancerous cells. Surgical preparation will be addressed later in this paper. To begin with, the surgeon would check surrounding organs and tissues to ensure the patient’s cancer has not spread. He will do this by creating a medial incision through the subcutaneous tissue* of abdominal wall all the way through the fascia*. After the surgical team is inside the abdominal cavity, they will check the liver, lymph nodes (those which are nearest to the pancreas), colon and other nearby sites.
Lasers are also being studied for treating or preventing side effects of common cancer treatments [ ]. For instance, some studies are looking at how low-level laser therapy (LLLT) might be used to prevent or treat severe mouth sores caused by chemotherapy, and how they may be used to treat the swelling (lymphedema) that can result from breast surgery. The CO2 and Nd: YAG lasers are used to shrink or destroy tumors. They can be used with thin, flexible tubes called endoscopes that let doctors see inside certain parts of the body, such as the bladder or stomach. The light from some lasers can be sent through an endoscope fitted with fiber optics.
Only that area is anesthetized to keep it numb during surgery. Surgeons then uses computed tomography (CT) scanning to locate the exact targeted area, and then implant two thin wires with electrode contacts near the Cg25 area of the brain. In the area where they believe is causing the patient's disorder. Generally, these targets are the thalamus, subthalamic nucleus, and globus pallidus. Then they stitch the loose end of the wires under the skin and attach it to the pacemaker device, which is fixed near the collarbone.
(Reference) Even though growths of endometriosis are benign they still cause many problems. Once a month, hormones cause a woman’s uterus lining to build up with tissue and blood. If the woman does not become pregnant, the uterus sheds this tissue and blood. The tissue and blood leave the body through the vagina this is known as a menstrual period. In woman with endometriosis the tissue and blood that is shed into the body during menstruation can cause pain, inflammation, and scar tissue.
However, the treatment must be done by an experienced and specially traine... ... middle of paper ... ...e: • The eye problem like glaucoma can be treated effectively with laser therapy. • It is also used in eye surgery that eliminates the use of glasses. • This therapy is used in dentistry for treating gum diseases, tooth decay and for teeth whitening. • It is used for the treatment of arthritis and also for treating the back pain, shoulder pain and knee pain. • This therapy helps in the removal of kidney stones and tumors.
A “polycystic ovary is characterized as being a tough, thickened, shiny white covering overlying a layer of many small cysts just under the ovarian surface.” (Thatcher, 10). That was the description that was found in the French manuscript and is still being used to this day for doctors to define polycystic ovaries. A wedge resection in the early 1900’s was the first form of treatment for this syndrome. PCOS involves more than just the ovaries filled with small cysts. Polycystic Ovaries Syndrome causes infertility in women.
What does Laparoscopic Surgery /Laparoscopy mean? Laparoscopic Surgery involves an ingenious method to perform a surgical procedure to reach parts of the body, minimizing the use of very large cuts, and so it’s also known as Minimal Invasive Surgery. It is also called KEY HOLE SURGERY since large cuts are replaced by small 0.5-1cm cuts, through which a thin telescope is introduced and is navigated using a small digital camera that is attached to the end of the scope. The camera captures the inside of the abdomen and is displayed on a big screen or TV monitor. Abdomen is extended with gas to provide working space.
When women are diagnosed, it is typically due to pregnancy, overexertion of the abdominal wall, or a combination of both. Signs/Symptoms/Diagnosis Certain hernia’s can be seen and felt protruding through the stomach or outer abdominal wall. However, since an inguinal hernia occurs inside the abdomen, there are very few signs to tell if a patient ... ... middle of paper ... ...priscope, and two or three other surgical tools. Three small incisions are made, allowing the surgeon to insert and inflate a small balloon into the abdomen. Once this happens, the balloon is cut away allowing for an all around view of the hernia site.
The planning that takes place when outpatients have surgery and are discharged home directly from the postop area is educating the patient about not driving within the next 24 hours, monitor the site for drainage, and depending on the surgery depends on the additional teaching that is needed. Also the nurse explains the medications that need to be taken, how long the medication needs to be taken for, and why the medication needs to be taken. The nurse tells the patient that if there are any changes cognitively or physically to call the doctor and if it’s an emergency then call 911. Phase 2 of surgery is known as the second part of recovery before the patient is able to go home. During Phase 2, the patient is closely monitored for any complications that may occur such as difficulty breathing, drainage at incision site and many more.