Employment Level

1003 Words5 Pages
Due to the strategies that were established to keep employment levels below the threshold levels for coverage by federal employment laws, many employers have resorted to keeping organizations smaller. For example, the threshold levels are 20 for the Age Discrimination Act and 15 for the Civil Rights Act which means these organizations are not covered by the certain EEOC laws (Greer, 2001, p. 119). The positive consequences of such strategies include small companies claim that the smallness of their organization benefits them by providing them with more flexibility, closer relationships with customers, and improved decision making processes. In addition, Greer provided an example of the effectiveness of small companies: “an example of efficiencies of small is provided by findings that the highest sales per employee ratios are found in companies having less than 20 employees” (Greer, 2001, p. 118) . Greer also states that some entrepreneurs may view federal laws as threats. Therefore, employers may prefer smaller organization to avoid having to deal with discrimination and legal lawsuits. Organizations that are required to hire a certain percentage of employees because of the laws set in place, may feel forced to create a diverse working environment, and critics suggest that this could create a hostile environment (Chapman & Shaffer, 1975). Besides, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 specifies the general requirements for equal employment opportunity and led to the establishment of the Equal Employment Act of 1972 and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) (Greer, 2001). The EEOC is responsible for carrying out federal laws that makes discriminating against job candidates based on their age, race, color, religion, sex ... ... middle of paper ... ...Diversity in U.S. Federal Agencies: Effects of Diversity and Diversity Management on Employee. Public Administration Review, 1-14. Greer, C. R. (2001). Strategic Human Resource Management. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall. Moore, M. (2013). The Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures. Retrieved from eHow: http://www.ehow.com/list_6628331_uniform-guidelines-employee-selection-procedures.html Morgan, R. (2013). Laws Regarding Health Insurance & Small Business. Retrieved from eHow: http://www.ehow.com/info_7900476_laws-health-insurance-small-business.html U.S. Department of Labor . (2013). Employment Laws Assistance . Retrieved from U.S. Department of Labor : http://www.dol.gov/compliance/laws/main.htm U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2013). EEOC. Retrieved from U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission: http://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/index.cfm
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