Employment Law

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Employment law encompasses remedies that address employee grievances and discrimination that occur in the workplace environment. The foundation of this system is the United States Constitution, which provides two sources of laws and regulations. These two sources are individual state constitutions and the national constitution. Under this system of federalism, there is also the Bill of Rights, which provides the origins of the majority of employment law. The most widely known document is Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. Sec. 2000e et.seq.) The judicial, executive, and legislative branches of the government of the United States create and enforce rules and regulations as promulgated by the constitution. Individuals and groups seek an end to discrimination through the resources of various agencies such as the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and the state agencies, Fair Employment Practices Agencies (FEPAs). The EEOC is a government agency that has the responsibility of investigating complaints of discrimination submitted by employees in the private sector. This document will explain the processes of filing a discrimination complaint and the civil litigation process requirements in seeking relief through these channels. Though the civil litigation process starts at the state level, efforts may extend as far as the United States Supreme Court. In addition, of the complaints that reach the Supreme Court, the justices return some of these cases back to the lower courts. With these cases, some require further deliberations or they stand as adjudicated by the lower courts. (http://www.eeoc.gov/). John an employee in the private sector wants to file a discrimination complaint against his e... ... middle of paper ... ...e criteria for selection. References Bennett-Alexander, D.D. & Hartman, L.P., (2004). Employment Law for Business (4th ed.). New York. McGraw-Hill. About the U.S. Courts. (2002, February 8). Federal Judiciary Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved January 9, 2005, from http://www.uscourts.gov/about.html The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). (2003, August). About Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO). Retrieved January 9, 2005, from http://www.eeoc.gov/ The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2003, August). EEOC's Charge Processing Procedures. Retrieved January 9, 2005, from http://www.eeoc.gov/charge/overview_charge_processing.html The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2003, August). Filing a Charge of Employment Discrimination. Retrieved January 9, 2005, from http://www.eeoc.gov/charge/overview_charge_filing.html

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