Employee Motivation

2395 Words10 Pages
Literature Review: 2.1 Introduction: In this literature review, we will discuss the available body of knowledge for motivational theories and analyses the same in order to ascertain its relevancy in our current study. In this case we tried to give an overall picture of already made research in this regard and to find the gaps if any in order to suggest the way for future study in this area. We will review existing research on what managers can do to motivate their employees and the factors of motivation. Literature review of this research has provided an overview of the literature available on the related subjects has been presented. The theories not only provide the theoretical background but also the basis for study of new factors related to motivation. There has been a wide range of researches and studies done on the topic of motivational factors in organization. However, in the services sector the use of different motivational rewards is still not known. For this reason, the chapter of literature review first provides an overview of the popular motivational theories that are used by organizations. The theories have been seen in a service organization perspective. The main theories that were studied for this purpose were mainly by Maslow, McClelland, Winter, Vroom and Herzberg but the focus has been on the ones that deal with extrinsic and intrinsic motivation factors. An understanding of the relationship between the employee motivation and performance is also important. The literature available of the topic was then used to find that employees add significantly to the performance and success of the company. The practices that generally prevail in the market also have an impact on the employee’s perception of his or her or... ... middle of paper ... ...ction is what a person trying to do, Effort is how hard a person is trying, Persistence is how long a person continues trying Furthermore, “motivation could be seen as, not about the acquisition of satisfactions, material or otherwise, but about the search of identity, for a positive valuation of the others” (Jackson and Carter 2000). Here the others are the people who have a “symbolic importance” to them. They might be parents, managers, and bosses in their respective roles. Motivation can be a complex subject, it is a very personal thing influenced by many variables. These factors can make it difficult for management to understand the driving forces, and the individuals’ needs and expectations that make individuals motivated. Individuals have a variety of changing, and often conflicting needs and expectations that they attempt to satisfy in a number of ways.

More about Employee Motivation

Open Document