Ecstasy may give a short-term feeling of euphoria but can result in confusion, depression, paranoia, psychosis, increase in heart rate and blood pressure, and cause long-term damage to brain cells. Some effects are also influenced by thoughts, environment, and people who are with you when you take the drug. Vivid changes in color and form occur. Sometimes the user becomes disoriented loses sense of time, place, and identity or has sensations of knowing and feeling what everything in life (and life itself) is all about. Emotions from the past, present, and future flood the user’s mind.
It is quite possible to have a bad reaction to hallucinogenic drugs. This is referred to as a "bad trip" and may cause panic, confusion, suspicion, anxiety, and loss of control. The long-term effects of these drugs can be quite dangerous. These long-term effects may include: flashbacks, mood swings, impaired thinking, unexpected outbursts of violence and eventually possibly depression that may lead to death or suicide. Quite a lot of interest concerning hallucinogens has been generated by neurobiologists and other scientists.
(2013). Retrieved December 11, 2013, from A-E Networks website: http://www.biography.com/people/sigmund-freud-9302400?page=2 • http://psychology.about.com/od/sigmundfreud/p/sigmund_freud.htm o Cheery, K. (2013). About.com. Retrieved December 11, 2013, from http://psychology.about.com/od/sigmundfreud/p/sigmund_freud.htm • http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/freud.htm#Biography o Rana, H. (1997, May). Sigmund Freud.
(n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2013 from http://brainmadesimple.com/frontal-lobe.html The brain: What’s going on in there? (n.d.). Retrieved November 19, 2013 from http://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih/addiction/activites/lesson1_brainparts/htm The motor cortex. The biology of psychology.
Certain changes in the way the parts of your brain function. The flight or fight response to danger may contribute to a panic attack; however, it is not known why a panic attack occurs when there is no presence of danger. Genetics can be a factor; it can run in families and be passed on by one or both parents, similar to the way eye color is passed. Drug and alcohol abuse can also contribute to panic disorder. Stress also can trigger panic attacks, such as the death of a family member, or even a major change in life.
Consciousness: Eight Questions Science Must Answer The Gaurdian.com Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/science/2012/mar/01/consciousness-eight-questions-science Thornton, Stephen P. (2014). Solipsism and the Problem of Other Minds Internet Encyclopedia of Philisophy Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/solipsis/#H5
All drugs negatively affect the brain. That is why drugs can make your body feel high, low, slow, or fast, or make the user see things that are not truly there. Some drugs can hurt your brain and affect how you act and how your body feels. These problems might last just a little while, or for the rest of your life. Drug abuse and addiction will often change your brain chemistry (Effects of Drug Abuse).
While the symptoms aren’t life threatening, they remain unpleasant to control and many feel so overwhelmed, this can lead to patient’s use of substances and occasionally suicide. Though the cause of this disorder remains unknown, the main source of GAD comes from the brain. Genetics, Brain chemistry, and environmental factors are believed to be the main causes of onset of GAD. “Trauma and stressful events, such as abuse, the death of a loved one, divorce, changing jobs or schools, may lead to GAD”(WebMD: Anxiety & Panic Disorders Health Center, 2012, p.2). The neurotransmitters tell the brain how to feel and react.
Some drugs are agonistic drugs, which improve the functioning of certain neurotransmitters. Others are antagonistic drugs, which do the opposite and hinder the ability for some neurotransmitters to function. (Huffman, 2012) Because the drugs affect brain and nervous system so intensely, they change the way the brain works. The extensive pleasure obtained through using substances c... ... middle of paper ... ... because their bodies have become dependent on the drugs to function. Abusers of each drug should be prescribed a specific medication proven to aid in the recovery from that substance.
This however is also completely true for addiction in the case of threatening the brain’s function. Addiction steals the brain’s natural reward system and makes the brain have a new dependency on the substance that is abused (Satel & Lilienfeld, 2014). Once this happens addiction has threatened the brain’s natural functions. A person’s reaction might be affected; judgment might be affected depending on the type of substance that is being used. Many things in the brain can be impaired while a person is addicted, which disrupts the brain’s normal functions.