(VanTassel-Baska, 4) Domesticity and motherhood were portrayed as a sufficient fulfillment. A conventional woman in the Victorian era was married with children. (Proquest, 1) However, Bronte’s novel contains a strong feminist stance, with the main character Jane Eyre making and questioning assumptions about gender and social class, as a young independent woman. She ignored the expectations of society in the Victorian times and followed her own desires, which allowed her to develop into the dominant and assertive woman that became the essence of feminism. At the beginning of the 19th century, little opportunity exi... ... middle of paper ... ...ere only studied by the upper classes.
Thus, the perfect woman was also the perfect wife, an active part of the family, with specific regard to the children (Vicinus ix). Yet, although the perfect woman was a married woman, not all marriages were perfect. Victorian society set strict standards for the roles of women, specifically middle class women, as wives and mothers. Women often did not benefit from being married in many respects, such as their personal rights. In addition, the census of 1850 "revealed a significant imbalance between the sexes," creating a surplus of single women (Lerner 176).
Literary Analysis of Emma Jane Austen's, Emma, is the story of a woman who thrives on meddling in the relationships of others, while neglecting the possibility that she may want one herself. This piece of work explores the role that class structure plays in society, friendships and marriages, as well as the self-transformation of the main character, from an arrogant rich girl to a competent woman. Through the exploration of these two themes, Austen creates a timeless piece of writing. Emma plays on both sides in relation to maintaining social structure. On one side, Emma takes Harriet, a young woman of a lower class than Emma, under her wing and attempts to advance Harriet’s social status.
In eighteenth century which feminist in social status was not popular by that time, author can only through literature to express her thought and discontented about society. Jane Austen’s Emma advocates a concept about the equality of men and women. Also satirizes women would depend on marriage in exchange to make a living or money in that era. By the effect of society bourgeois, Emma has little self-arrogant. She is a middle class that everyone could admire, “Young, pretty, rich and clever”, she has whatever she needs.
She was very talented and passionate about her work. However, living in the 19th century made it especially hard to express her wonderful ideas as a woman. This forced her to publish most of her books anonymously so that people would not automatically dismiss her work (Christine, 2012, Writer Hero: Jane Austen). In fact, critics didn 't fully appreciate her style of writing at the time. They thought that Jane’s popularity was overrated because of her limited thought to her small world and it’s small concerns.
Elizabeth is able to still able to have the expectations of a woman without losing the ability to have her own opinion and strong state of mind. Austen created and highlighted one of the main characters, Elizabeth Bennet, to express the different morals she viewed, and how unalike she is from most of the young women in an early period of time. Elizabeth Bennet is the main character and romantic heroine of Pride and Prejudice. She is the second eldest of the five Bennet daughters. Elizabeth is her father’s favorite daughter and mothers least favorite.
When the narrator describes Charlotte as “... ... middle of paper ... ...n really being imperfect. However flawed, Lydia (and not to mention Charlotte) end up married and secure in their own right. Through indirect characterization that expresses the central paradox of Lydia, she gets married-achieving the epitome of success for a 19th century woman, even through her flaws. Austen observes through the female characters of Pride and Prejudice that the perfect woman, by 19th century standards, doesn’t seem to exist, and when she does there is some degree of misfortune in her path. She explores this notion chiefly through satire and irony, as the type of woman the female characters strive for is not always the most desirable.
Emma, being a bildungsroman, traces the moral development of the protagonist, Emma Woodhouse, as she confronts social dilemmas. It is set in the European high society of Highbury. The novel opens with a marriage and ends with more marriages, a romantic convention appealing to a female audience. During the early 19th century, mainly women from the middle to upper classes could read. The setting and form target a certain audience, allowing Austen to effectively challenge the preconceptions of higher class women.
As previously stated, Austen was a keen observer of the society she lived in, this fact is prominent in everything she writes, she once said in a letter to her niece, “Single women have a dreadful propensity for being poor. Which is one very strong argument in favor of matrimony” (Letters). This topic is addressed in Pride and Prejudice with the marriage between Charlotte and Mr. Collins. Mr. Collins was not by any standards a good man, “...conceited, pompous, narrow-minded, silly man” (Austen 122). But, as it happened Charlotte had to marry him because of societal standards, she could not refuse because her family was not very wealthy and she was leaving the age of high marriage potential, this was Charlotte’s only option.
It would have been considered extremely foolish for a working-woman’s sense of betrayal to end and turn down a man of great wealth. Many women in this period would engage in “arranged” marriages which were widely accepted and indeed, one of the most practiced forms of marrying at this time. Usually a marriage of convenience rather... ... middle of paper ... ...rotagonist, Jane is presented in the role of a lower class woman. This is evident in the way that she must work to support herself. Mrs. Fairfax, the tenant at Thornfield Hall is presented in the role of a middle to upper class woman.