Henry David Thoreau born on July 27, 1817 was an American author, philosopher, poet, historian, naturalist, and leading transcendentalist. Thoreau is best known for his book, “Walden; or Life in the Woods” and also his essay “Resistance to Civil Disobedience.” He was born David Henry Thoreau, and later changed his name to Henry David after college. He was born to John Thoreau, who was a pencil maker, and Cynthia Dunbar. Thoreau’s maternal grandmother, Asa Dunbar, led 1766 student Butter Rebellion at Harvard, which was the first recorded student rebellion in the colonies. He studied at Harvard, like his grandmother, between 1833 and 1837.
Ralph Waldo Emerson was born in Boston in 1803. He was a son of Unitarian minister and the descendant of New England clergymen. This led him to become a minister himself and later quit to focus on his philosophy called transcendentalism. Emerson started writing in his youth and later attended Harvard University. After graduating from Harvard in 1821 he taught in a women school.
His mother was Ruth Haskins and his father was Rev. William Emerson. His father was a Unitarian minister. Less than two weeks before Emerson’s eighth birthday, his father passed away from stomach cancer on May 12, 1811. Emerson’s aunt, Mary Moody Emerson, had a great effect on Emerson.
My last example is the relationship of man and nature are expressions of the divine. A quote from the story is “Yet it is certain that the power to produce this delight, does not reside in nature, but in man, or in a harmony of both” (Emerson 221). These are my examples on how Emerson “Nature” is identified as America’s first transcendentalist writings. 3) Emerson message in “Nature” is the unity of man and nature with god. Also, he shows the relationship between man and nature.
Emerson writes that in order to be alone, one must ‘retire,’ or temporarily give up the same amount ‘from his chamber,’ or of his possessio... ... middle of paper ... ...ects on oneself, finds a better understanding of life and their surroundings, and become closer to God. As nature helps one reflects on oneself, is gives them an opportunity to realize who they truly are as a person. Nature gives one a better understanding of life and their surroundings, because nature is life. Nature as well allows one to become closer to God, as one can commonly find God in nature. If one never value nature, one may never truly know oneself, understand life and their surroundings, and have a direct relationship with God.
Keeping in mind his philosophy studies he gave a speech on “The American scholar” in 1837. Only during 1932 “The American Scholar” became the most popular magazine, where a speech was declared by Emerson to the people of America and his speech became one of the best sellers and had won many awards. Thoreau began writing during 1840s with the help of Emerson as his teacher and friend as well. He was known for his opinions about Transcendentalism during those days. Both of them wrote many poems about Nature.
In the poem, he writes that he does not aspire to be the highest in nature, but rather, he is content with any role, as long as he is permitted to stay within nature. The depth of Thoreau’s alliance with nature is underlined in the poem using metaphors; he compares himself to a zephyr, creating the feeling that he is less of an outsider observing nature, and more of a part of nature. After uniting himself with nature, Thoreau claims that he would rather be in nature and learn from it than to be a king elsewhere, and he would rather be with nature for even just a moment than to be alone in a city for a year. This statement provides a shift, and Thoreau’s relationship with nature deepens through that shift, as he claims that not only does he aspire to be part of nature, it is the only thing he aspires to
After a while, however, he discovered the writings of British poet, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and German philosopher, Immanuel Kant, and used their works to shape his own. Emerson’s wife died in 1831, an event that likely pushed him towards a path of self-discovery. At the end of 1832, Emerson left for Europe. While there, he had the opportunity to meet some of his literary idols: William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Thomas Carlyle. These relationships would continue to inspire Emerson as he forged his unique relationship with the universe.
Firstly this essay will talk about Emerson’s view on man’s relationship with nature. Secondly it will talk about Thoreau’s view of how to observe nature in connection to man’s life. Emerson believes that every individual has his own thoughts and beliefs and every man can think for themselves which he calls the ‘Man Thinking’. He mentions that there are lots of things that influence the human mind but “The first in time and the first in importance upon the mind is that of nature.” (The American Scholar,1837). Emerson says that to know God you have to know nature and that is the only way an individual can have a connection with God.
Ralph Waldo Emerson was a 19th century poet and philosopher, who wrote several essays and poems throughout his career(1). Emerson was born in Massachusetts and graduated from Harvard College. In 1826, he became a minister, and later in 1829 was ordained to a Unitarian church. That same year  he married his wife, who died of tuberculosis just three years later. Emerson found himself in an immense state of grief and ended up stepping down from his clergy status.