In order to be a good citizen, one must be independent and rely on themselves for decision-making, support, and carrying out justice. Although this is a radical claim, it rings true for ours and many other modern societies. Men are all too willing to submit without thought or consideration, and their actions are feebly and half-hearted. Men are no longer men. Thoreau's words are words that should be held close in the hearts of everyone, because as long as there are governments, there are men who need to hear them.
The obsession to be something is what makes a person a man, a whole new different standard that everyone would be able to adapt to. Eliminating the requirements and discriminative factors to what we know and what we try to believe. In general terms, a desire was never fuelled by masculinity and never was considered to be destructive to both genders. It is but driven by a human’s capacity to fail. Fail and be able to rise again.
The Importance of Self-Reliance. Emerson begins his major work on individualism by asserting the importance of thinking for oneself rather than meekly accepting other people’s ideas. As in almost all of his work, he promotes individual experience over the knowledge gained from books: “To believe that what is true in your private heart is true for all men—that is genius.” The person who scorns personal intuition and, instead, chooses to rely on others’ opinions lacks the creative power necessary for robust, bold individualism. This absence of conviction results not in different ideas, as this person expects, but in the acceptance of the same ideas—now secondhand thoughts—that this person initially intuited. The lesson Emerson would have us learn?
Man has no one telling him what to do, there may be laws but they are man made and because they man made no one has true control over man. Existentialism is a philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining his or her own development through acts of the will. To Sartre, saying that som... ... middle of paper ... ...vious objections. In this paper argued that man creates their own essence through their choices and that our values and choices are important because they allow man to be free and create their own existence. I did this first by explaining Jean-Paul Sartre’s quote, then by thoroughly stating Sartre’s theory, and then by opposing objections raised against Sartre’s theory.
In Ralph Waldo Emerson’s “Self-Reliance,” Emerson calls for each person in society to be wholly true to themselves. He claims that it is most rewarding to the individual and the society for people to believe in one’s own thoughts and not in the thoughts of others. Emerson believes that conformity will ultimately lead to an individual’s demise because by living for others, people are not being true to themselves. Therefore in order to have a well-formed society, citizens should focus inward and have confidence in their own ideas before beginning to look towards other individuals; moreover, Emerson calls individuals not only in “Self-Reliance,” but also in numerous essays to act independently from conformity and to live for themselves. Ralph Waldo Emerson’s main theme in “Self-Reliance” places emphasis on the individual’s ideas and not the ideas of others.
Much shorter, but just as equally influential, The Declaration of Independence was a famous document that was authored primarily by Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson mentions how the colonies should be considered as equals with their English counterparts and why it is important for man to have freedom. Paine and Jefferson both want Americans to succeed, but they also have some notable differences in their documents. The Declaration of Independence called for the colonists to have the same rights as the British, and it was mainly directed for England to realize that Americans were united and serious about this cause. Common Sense’s goal was for the colonists to break apart from the British and start their own country with their own laws and rules, and was directed towards convincing the American people that rebelling against England was the right move.
This is true for Black Elk who was given a vision to help man and Socrates who felt that man needed to be saved from his own ignorance. Moral systems, by their very nature, have observed and concluded that when man is left to fulfill his individual desires, without respect to others and the greater good, nothing good can come from it. All societies have functioned around this principle from the beginning of civilization. Further, unlike many other moral ph... ... middle of paper ... ...nctions about what need and want mean and are thereby able to relate it properly to the texts of the mentioned philosophers. These distinctions have allowed us to understand how need and want bear on Kant, Mill, and Lao Tzu's moral philosophy and how, under these moral guidelines, we should behave.
In "Self-Reliance," he writ... ... middle of paper ... ...listening to a preacher is to shut out new ideas that could be important. Assuming that one knows enough and that he needs no teachings in the ways of God is a self-admiring egotistical attitude. Every man can always learn more about his spiritual life. Emerson's ideas on self-reliance have many applications in life. However, religion is not one of these applications.
The Existing of Material objects according to Descartes and Locke Descartes started his Meditations by doubting all his ideas and believes, and his goal was to acquire a certain foundation of knowledge. Descartes, a rationalist, believes in innate ideas, which are built into us naturally and not dependent or derived by experiences. As an example, Descartes believes in the existing of God, a powerful and perfect. Also, as a perfect God; he will not try to trick or deceive people by making them believe that they are sensing a physical thing when there is in fact no such material thing; therefore God is not a deceiver, who gives people the right ideas. On the other side, John Locke, an empiricist, who believes that all ideas come from experience, raise an objection on Descartes premises of the innate ideas because Locke does not believe in such thing as ideas, which are built in us naturally and the reason of the of putting the right ideas is God for he is perfect.
Rousseau Rousseau's claim that "men cannot create new forces, but merely unite and direct existing ones (Rousseau 147)." In view of that, Rousseau believed that what simply at some point man realized that there were some obstacles, which became harmful to their maintenance in the state of nature and eventually, these obstacles were strong enough to fight off the forces that each individual used to preserve himself in that state. And accordingly Rousseau emphasized that because of this it became clear to all men that there were advantages to seeming to be what one actually wasn't. Because of this difference in appearing to be what one was not, in due course of time this led to the establishment of justice. So how does one create new forces by merely uniting and directing those, which already exist?