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Embryonic and Adult Stem Cells

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According to Nancy Reagan, “Embryonic stem cell research has the potential to alleviate so much suffering. Surely, by working together, we can harness its life-giving potential.” The increase in understanding of what is possible with stem cells, has led the topic of stem cell research to become one of the biggest social issues of our time. Over the last couple of decades, it has come down to two main types of stem cells: embryonic and those derived from adults. This is where the lines are drawn and arguments break out, because of personal morals and ethics. However, most people feel that stem cells are a great alternative to other treatments - until the topic turns to embryonic stem cells, in which a human embryo must be killed in order to harvest these cells. This means that stem cells can be one of two things: 1) stem cell research could be the miracle cure we have been waiting for, or 2) it will it be the cause of World War III. To get a better understanding of the situation is to have knowledge and background to help understand exactly what stem cells are. Stem cells are a type of cell that is found throughout the human body, which can reproduce themselves over long periods of time. These cells have the capability to be specialized in a broad range of specialties such as brain, muscle, and lung cells. Places from which these can be obtained are bone marrow, fat cells, umbilical cord blood, and adult blood. These cells can also be obtained from olfactory nerve endings, skin cells, and human embryos (Stem Cell Research News). All of these different types of stem cells are broken down into two groups. First, there are adult (or somatic) stem cells that are cells that are derived from humans any time after embryonic de... ... middle of paper ... .... Time, 5 Feb. 2013. Web. 29 Apr. 2014. Siegel, Andrew. "Ethics of Stem Cell Research." Stanford University. Stanford University, 25 Apr. 2008. Web. 29 Apr. 2014. "Stem Cell Research News." Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014. "Stem Cell Research." Stem Cell Research Overveiw. University of Michigan, n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014. "Stem Cells: Where Do They Come From? What Are They Used For?" CorCell. Cord Blood America, n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2014. "The Stem Cell Debate: Is It Over?" The Stem Cell Debate: Is It Over? University of Utah, n.d. Web. 08 Apr. 2014. "What Are the Potential Applications of Stem Cell Research? | Europe's Stem Cell Hub EuroStemCell." CorCell. EuroStemCell, 1 June 2009. Web. 09 Apr. 2014. "What Are Stem Cells?" Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, 19 July 2013. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
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