The prospective advantage of using embryonic stem cells is fascinating. Embryonic stem cells are capable of becoming any cell type in the body making them more versatile than adult stem cells. There is a possibility that the patient’s body can reject the adult cells because their derivative is from cells that are not a patient’s own. Supporters of research state that stem cells from embryos are acceptable for research since the embryos are not considered to be human and is vital to the possible future cure of so... ... middle of paper ... ...es Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity (2002) Human Embryo Experimentation: Embryonic Stem Cell Research Is Unethical (Roman Espejo, Ed). Greenhaven : At Issue Series.
The reason why adult cells are not being used for study is because they are multipotent, which is that they are limited to what cells they can evolve into. Embryonic stem cells, may help find cures for spinal cord injuries, type 1 diabetes in children, nervous system diseases like: Parkinson’s, Alzheimer, and multiple sclerosis (Chapman, A.. (2009). The Ethics of Patenting Human Embryonic Stem Cells. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 19(3), 261-88. Retrieved February 3, 2011, from ABI/INFORM Global.
I. Introduction The desecration of life by use of embryonic stem cells is not necessary with alternatives such as adult, placenta, and umbilical stem cells available which hold promising results. Stem cell research definitely has shown its ability to benefit humanity, but at what lengths? At what cost? America along with the world continues to battle against embryonic stem cell research as it results in termination of a human life form.
The proteins are typically produced by the mother, but under certain laboratory conditions, distinctive proteins can be introduced and a definite, mature cell type is produced. The cells that are produced could be implanted into a subject to replace worn out cells, or cells that have been destroyed due to disease or injury. There are a few problems with the process. The most common being is the same as any other transplant, the body doesn't accept the new cell stem cells if the cells aren't exactly the same as the patients; instead the body's immune system recognizes them as unwanted cells and rejects or destroys them often causing more damage to the body. The most common use of stem cells is bone marrow transplant.
Human Genetics Alert, November, 2001. http://online.sfsu.edu/%7Erone/GEessays/genemodifiedathletes Hayes, Richard. “In the Pipeline: Genetically Modified Humans?”. Multinational Monitor Biotech Features, V.21, No. 1&2 January, 2000.
Alternatives to Human-embryo Stem-cell Research This essay counters the media and many scientists' claims that there are no viable alternatives to human-embryo stem-cell research (ESCR). The media restate the claim (made repeatedly in NIH documents) that adult stem cells do not have the same potential as embryonic stem cells, which in theory can form any tissue. But studies done with adult stem cells (studies which mirror the ones done with embryonic stem cells) show that adult stem cells do have the capacity to form essentially any tissue. The most misleading term which continues to be used is "pluripotent." Literally, this means able to form most (but not all) tissues.
Although some find embryonic stem cells unethical, supporting embryonic stem cell research will benefit humankind in many aspects. While many support embryonic stem cell research, some people oppose it say that it is an unethical practice. According to these people, embryonic stem cells require murdering a baby, human life is defined by rational beings, those capable of rational thought or a consciousness. In order to be rational one must have a consciousness, the ability to have thoughts and feel pain, to begin with. “For a fertilized egg, there is no consciousness and also no history of consciousness” (Stem).
Stem Cell Research In modern medicine today there are remedies for many diseases and sicknesses. For those unfortunate few with rare diseases, cancer, or a genetic mutation, we don’t have a resolution or cure. The race to find these cures is going on right now. Many think the solution can be found in the tiny embryonic stem cells. Most of the people who believe that the embryonic stem cell is the solution also believe that the federal government should help fund the research.
This is not cloning in the most common sense, though. Stem-cells have previously been obtained from tissues of early stage embryos. With this experiment, scientists tried to use a new technique in making stem-cells so that real embryos need not be used. The scientists injected cells into eggs which had their nuclei removed, rather than making an actual copy of the cell. These cells developed, though the furthest development was from the one cell to eight cells, which is not enough to provide stem-cells (Lauritzen).