Should Stem Cell Research be prohibited? The ongoing bioethical controversy of stem cells research has been debated in political arenas across the world. As with any debate there are two sides to the issue. Scientific researchers want to expand their research into emerging fields like stem cell research in hopes of bettering medicine for the future. Human right activists and some religious groups are against this type of research because the harvesting of stem cells from embryos is seen as the destruction of human life.
Embryonic stem cells research is a very conflicting subject in the United States. Some people think that it is morally and religiously incorrect as they are killing a human life at the first stage of life. While some think it is ok because the human life to them starts at the fetus or when the fetus can feel pain. In this paper we are going to discuss the total aspect of embryonic stem cell research: how the government takes play in the study of embryonic stem cells, how embryonic stem cells have help out people so far, and what are embryonic stem cells. Hopefully with this research we will have a better understanding of embryonic stem cells and why some people may benefit from it, as it may help to cure some diseases.
“Some of the most prominent advocates of the research are scientists and patients who believe that embryonic stem cell research will lead to the development of treatments and cures for some of humanity’s most pernicious afflictions (such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, heart disease, and diabetes).”(The center for bioethics & human dignity, n.d.). Among the most vocal opponents of the research are those who share the desire to heal, but who object to the pursuit of healing via unethical means. CBHD’s view is that because human embryonic stem cell research necessitates the destruction of human embryos, such research is unethical regardless of its alleged benefits. Ethical alternatives for achieving those benefits should be actively pursued. What are human embryonic stem cells and how are they obtained?
If a revolution of medical technology is allowing people to obtain the best quality of life right now, why aren't we taking advantage? Scientists have discovered how to potentially cure diseases and treat all kinds of ailments. Human embryonic stem cells, though a new concept, has been debated over since the discovery in cord blood in 1978. The cause for controversy comes from the struggle between law makers, religious officials, and scientists surrounding this topic. The ethical question on why stem cells are controversial is “Is using stem cells from embryos right?” However, the question when politicians are included changes to “How can we fund research to killing potential people for their stem cells?” The definition of an embryo is altered from court case to court case to fit the need of the problem, making it more difficult to differentiate a fertilized egg from a person and halting progress to the stem cell industry.
These are tough questions faced by both the scientists engaged in the research, as well as the legislators who define the laws governing such research. Although many would agree that embryonic stem cell research holds the potential of developing cures for a number of illnesses that affect humankind, if such research is performed at the cost of destroying a life it should therefore not be pursued. As noted earlier few scientific advances have generated as much controversy as human embryonic stem cell research, but why is this? This controversy exists as noted by Kristen Monroe; “because the current technique to harvest these cells involves destruction of the human blastocyst, a pre-embryo, whether obtained by in vitro fertilization or by therapeutic cloning (somatic cell nuclear transfer)” (Monroe, et al, I). According to Medical News Today, these embryonic stem cells are considered the most useful for research due to their pluripotent nature.
What are some Moral differences and issues with stem cell research? What are the potential medical advances and current uses and what has been accomplished so far? Stem cells, which more then 200 kinds of tissue originate from the human body, are derived from human embryos and most of the time is gotten from fertility clinics that are left over from assisted reproduction attempts. Many people may have their own religious beliefs, and when it comes to embryonic stem cells different people have their own different opinions. Many people are against embryonic stem cell research and the main reason is because in order to obtain the embryonic stem cells the early embryo has to be destroyed.
Embryonic stem cell research is so controversial because society is judging whether or not taking stem cells from days old embryos is immoral, or if doctors should look past the cons and do what is necessary to eventually preserve many lives. While stem cell research has received an abundance of support from people who believe it has the potential to treat and remedy disease, many others oppose embryonic stem cell research because it ultimately causes the destruction of an embryo, what they consider to be a human life. Which brings on the question, when does life begin. The answer is opinionated. Many people disagree on when life begins; some people believe that an embryo is a human and some believe that they are not human until the first heartbeat.
One of the most controversial topics in the media today is the question of the morality of research on human embryonic stem cells. According to a Gallup poll taken in May of 2010, 59% of Americans believed medical research using stem cells obtained from humans was morally acceptable, where 32% believed it was morally wrong. (Saad) This will always be a difficult issue for me to take sides on. There are so many arguments for and against and so many ethical theories that support and oppose it. I am going to try to touch on a few of these theories and how they apply to the research done on human embryonic stem cells.
Many people feel that abortion is wrong and should be out lawed and that it is unethical to use aborted fetuses for research. With Stem cell research benefiting from abortion it might seem that Stem cell research is an advocate of abortion, but of course that is not the case. People like our current president are morally opposed to stem cell research which has hindered its production. But what confuses me abortion and stem cell research is that stem cell can be retrieved many ways a fetus is no longer needed to reproduce stem cells. Stem cells can found in adults.
Supporting Embryonic Stem Cell Research Scientific research has the ability to help the terminally ill and disabled. Some people find this research is morally wrong. If this research helps people with disease and disability would you condone it? Today in The United States there is controversy facing embryonic stem cell research.People are dying because of the legal and moral obstacles involved in embryonic stem cell research. American citizens with illnesses and disease could be treated if this research was to continue at a much faster pace.