Plantation owners needed slaves to maintain their lands, without which they would receive no profits. Fears of slave revolts and a growing stigma attached to African Americans only fueled southerners on. The southern colonists wanted an economical solution that benefited their specific geographical needs; Slavery also became a way to raise a southern colonist’s social standing, as well as his income. Slavery fit all of the Southerner’s needs and was brought forth at a time when those needs were at their peak. Slavery rose exponentially up to and way after Thomas Jefferson wrote the words, “All men are created equal”.
The Civil War had begun. The states were at war with each other." This dividing battle between the North and the South was unavoidable. The Civil War was caused by economic, political and moral problems. It all started by an alarming increase in a need for cotton, which triggered the building of a barrier between two territories in a growing nation.
(2-615) To increase profits, the farms, known as plantations, had to grow. Managing a plantation of an average of 335 acres took a lot of labor, and the most economical source was the slave trade. Without slaves, plantation owners would have to hire people to manage their farms, an option that many were either unable to take or unwilling to consider. I know that the south needed slavery to support their agriculture based econo... ... middle of paper ... ...f humans, and to uphold the power of the federal government. The causes of the civil war were really the result of a divided nation, but the civil war did make it possible for the nation to become whole again.
The South relied upon slave labor for their economic well being, and the economy of the North was not reliant on such labor or in need of this type of service. This main issue overshadowed all others. Southerners compared slavery to the wage-slave system of the North, and believed their slaves received better care than the northern factory workers received from their employers. Many Southern preachers proclaimed that slavery was sanctioned in the Bible. Southern leaders had constantly tried to seek new areas into which slavery might be extended (Oates 349).
The South not only wanted but they needed slavery, for it was the basis of their economy. The labor force in the South was made up of about four million slaves. These slaves cultivated tobacco, rice, and indigo, they were also in high demand because of the invention of the cotton gin which required growing more cotton than ever before. The North, being Pro Abolition had denounced the immoral institution of slavery. The North’s opposing views led to attack on the system of the South and showed opposition to slavery’s spreading into new territories.
African slaves were the laborers of the cotton fields, thus, the Southern capitalists increased their investment in the trading of slaves. In the 1860’s the African slave trade ended, bringing to a close three-and-a-half centuries of forced migration. The once so profitable market had been completely removed from the South’s economy which would expose their oversight in slave-agriculture specialization. Therefore, the Cotton Boom of the mid-19th century enhanced the highly profitable slave-trade market which inevitably weakened the South in the long run due to overspecialization and the displacement of physical capital. In 1793, Eli Whitney created the revolutionary Cotton Gin which replaced human involvement in the process of separating cotton fibers from their seeds.
For example, abolishing slavery in the United States was unfair towards the South. The South’s economical state depended on the backs of the slaves. After all, slavery was a form of free labor that gave southern plantation owners an affordable way to mass produce. Slavery became so common that it was a dependent for the South (Arrington). Slavery in the eighteen hundreds was as important to southern plantations as cars are for most people today.
These factors and many more including slavery were the main causes of The Civil War. To begin slavery was the main income for southern states. Many would argue that tobacco or cotton was main profits for Southern states, but we can all agree that without slavery there would be no gatherings of both products. The Southern states would believe that slavery is acceptable; they would do so by scaring people into believing that “Defenders of slavery argued that the sudden end to the slave economy would have had a profound and killing economic impact in the South where reliance on slave labor was the foundation of their economy. The cotton economy would collapse.
Their whole economy was bases around the economics of slavery. The North did not realize that there was more than freeing the slaves to do with the war. The economics of the south was free labor caused by slavery. The black slave was a God sent for the Southern states in that it allowed them to make a great profit off their crops. William Freehling said, “Posterity thinks of slavery as the South’s leading economic interest” (239).
Should the Confederacy have won the civil war? Looking at the American Civil War ones must also look at the economics of the 19th century in the U. S. Hand in hand one must also look at the politics and battle plans of the war. The slave plantation owners’ class was a minority in the Southern population but it controlled southern politics and society. Slavery being the biggest investment of the South, and the fear of slave instability ensured the allegiance of southern non-slave-owners to the economic and social system of the South. As luck would have it, slavery helped America become noticed as a world power during the 19th century.