The Renaissance was a time characterized by a curiosity about human experience and the world around Renaissance thinkers. A main focus of the Renaissance was ancient Rome and Greece, which people studied in order to get a better understanding of their world. Artists and writers were able to express the ideals of the Renaissance by using an element of realism in their work that people of the time could easily relate to and understand. The Renaissance can be identified as a creative time, marking a transition from an agricultural to urban society, in which trade carried a greater importance. New technology and ways of thinking allowed people to better understand their past, and the world they lived in today.
During the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries, a revolutionary shift in the European cultural sphere placed human beings at the center of learning as the thoughts and artworks of man became infused with humanistic ideals. With time, such values, then held current in Italy, began to diffuse into other areas and produce each regions’ individual renaissance. Immediately following the Middle Ages, European civilization had begun to become characterized by interests in classical learning and values. This is evident in the very meaning of the term “renaissance”—rebirth. Italian artists and scholars viewed themselves as revitalizing the standards and achievements of classical Roman culture; some writers such as Petrarch and Giovanni Boccaccio studied Ancient Rome and Greece and sought to revive these cultures’ values, languages, and intellectual traditions after the long period of stagnation that trailed the fall of the Roman Empire.
Thus, numerous parallels between these subjects exist. Many in the Renaissance devoted themselves to taking old ideas, mainly from the ancient Greeks and Romans, and reintroducing or improving upon them in order to better themselves or society. This was humanism. Italian humanists stressed the study of the classics for what they could reveal about human nature: "[Bruni maybe]." Bruni studied the classics for self-amelioration.
The Renaissance had its start in Florence Italy and was inspired by the values of ancient Greece and ancient Rome. During the Renaissance, people from various levels of society began to study classical literature and art. Their studies were driven by pleasure and interest in learning from the past. The individual could make a difference here, and more attention was given to the development of an individual's potential. These beliefs made Renaissance a great period to live in, not only because it meant a new way of understanding the world based on its history, but also because the people of the Renaissance understood the importance of understanding one's past in order to build the future and make progress.
Humanism originated in Italy, like many characteristics of the renaissance. It’s the rediscovery of a classical civilization. This cultural movement rehabilitated any interest people had in Greek and Roman civilizations. It also promoted civilized values and guarded against any barbarism human nature threatened to give, in the broadest spectrum. “That the ancient adage nosce teispum – know thyself – is a key principle in humanist thought in general, and in Shakespeare in particular…” The “know thyself” principle is very evident in Hamlet.
Humanism, in philosophy, attitude that emphasizes the dignity and worth of the individual. A basic premise of humanism is that people are rational beings who possess within themselves the capacity for truth and goodness. The term humanism is most often used to describe a literary and cultural movement that spread through western Europe in the 14th and 15th centuries. This Renaissance revival of Greek and Roman studies emphasized the value of the classics for their own sake, rather than for their relevance to Christianity. The humanist movement started in Italy, where the late medieval Italian writers Dante, Giovanni Boccaccio, and Francesco Petrarch contributed greatly to the discovery and preservation of classical works.
The Renaissance was a time of rebirth of classic learning of the Greeks and Romans in Western Europe after the Middle Ages. Humanism, started by Pettrarch, was the popular belief during that era. People no longer believed that art and culture were only in the hands of the clergy. People wanted to explore and be creative, to be part of the arts and literature themselves. The Medici family were great humanists and made significant contribution to the development of the Italian and European Renaissance.
In 1439, this revival was continued by the Council of Ferrara-Florence, which met to negotiate the reuniting of the Eastern and Western churches. This connection brought many other Greek scholars and manuscripts to the West, adding to the spreading of knowledge. Furthermore, the Florentine Academy promoted this rebirth of knowledge. The “Florentine Academy” was not actually a formal school; rather, it was an unofficial gathering of humanists, determined on bringing back the works of Plato and other ancient scholars. The Black Death, although an immense tragedy, was another great contributor to the Renaissance.
The focus was both the mythical and the holy. During this time, the Medici family, with their wealth and privilege, brought art and philosophy to the marvel of what is known historically as The Renaissance period. The Renaissance was a time of a ‘rediscovery ‘of the arts and values of the ancient Greeks and Romans. As a direct consequence of this ‘rediscovery’ was a cultural advancement in sophistication, with its promising push for humanism. *Humanism: A cultural and intellectual movement of the Renaissance that emphasized secular concerns as a re... ... middle of paper ... ...eeped in hope, faith, belief, sacred significance (religion) as well as that of legend (mythology), and within lie the connection: Both are a belief in something unseen, trust Our Father did die on the cross for our sins, and acceptance/faith/ conviction of it as truth without any physical proof.
• Cities like Florence in Italy saw a spike of artists and architects who have changed from mere paid skilled laborers to professional artists. • The word Renaissance referred to the rebirth of the ancient classical art of the Greco-Roman culture. • This worked well for the Italians as the Roman Empires heritage was all around them from monuments to statues