Elements Of Consent For The Medical Protection Society

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Elements of Consent According to The Medical Protection Society (MPS 2015), consent it is needed for any treatment/intervention or care and this cannot be imposed by the healthcare team as ought be the expression of a patient 's wish and decision otherwise this is unethical and equally illegal. There are required elements in the process of informed consent. These include: Competence, disclosure, understanding, confidentiality, voluntariness and communication. A patient is presumed to be competent to make an informed decision until proved otherwise. However Mental Capacity Act (2005) provides a specific test for competence which provides an analysis about the patients capacity to understand, retain and weigh information as well as to communicate back the decision taken. The information provided must be at a basic level of understating and should contain a description of the intervention, diagnosis and risks. Furthermore, should be explained all positive and negative outcomes after the interventions. Time should be also available for any questions before to make any informed decision. General Medical Council (2013) has also stated that additional support should be provided for the patients with disabilities such as leaflets, support groups or expert patient programmes. For a true understanding all cultural and religious considerations, including all barriers such as language, level of education and cognitive ability needs to be taken into account (Health Professional Student Training 2016). The WHO Surgical Safety Check-list in operating theatres is an illustration of clarity and simultaneously sharing of the information ensuing reducing morbidity and mortality equally improving teamwork (The National Patient Safety Agency (NP... ... middle of paper ... ... of resources in order to provide the same standard of care or services regardless of economic status, religion, age, gender, race. However it needs to be taken into account that people with special needs require adjustments in accordance with their needs in order to access the same level of health care services as another patient. An example of this will be the immunisation available through healthcare services for everyone. However, this does not mean that will work for everyone or that everyone will accept due to individual autonomy. Additionally, this service may require supplementary costs for patients who are housebound. This does not mean that a patient who went to the GP to have immunisation has not received an equal service to that of the patient who is housebound. Thomson (2008) state that achieving harmony is an accomplishment for the principle of justice.

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