“A patent is an intellectual property right granted by the Government of the United States of America to an inventor “to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, or selling the invention throughout the United States or importing the invention into the United States” for a limited time in exchange for public disclosure of the invention when the patent is granted.” ("Patents," 2014) There are three types of patents, utility, design, and plant. Utility patents protect useful process, machines, article of manufacture, and composition of matter. Design patents pro...
...pple Inc. While this amount awarded to Apple Inc. was much less than they were going for it was also significantly lower than what Judge Koh vacated after the previous trial; that number being 400 million. This case was a very large win for Apple Inc. and their power in the electronics industry. This ruling was also a huge statement made in terms of patent infringement. As Colleen Allen said in an interview, “If we didn't award Apple much, we're saying it's OK to infringe patents”
Patent refers to the owner whom is the right granted of an object, product or a process that he/she invented. This will prevents others from making, using, importing or selling the invention without his/her permission. A person gives a new technical solution or a description of what are the solutions to solve the problem of the technical. Once they approved, the patent will last for 20 years from the date of filing. Other than using patent to prevent others from exploiting your invention, you can employ it to raise funds for your business, license it to third parties for commercial returns or sell the patented invention.
The Lincoln Electric Company corporate culture today is an extension of that which the founder John C. Lincoln and his younger brother James F. Lincoln instituted over a century ago. The company today remains a profitable, growing and admired organization. Its culture has been analyzed and utilized as an example in business education for many years. The success of the company can be attributed to: the efficiency their corporate philosophy and culture has instilled in their employees; meeting the needs of the customers; and lastly rewarding the shareholders. The gist of their corporate mindset is summed up by the past President, Mr. Willis “Lincoln Electric differs from most other companies in the importance it assigns to each of the groups it serves. (He) identifies these groups, in the order of priority as (1) customers, (2) employees, and (3) stockholders”(Sharplin, Arthur, 1989) According to Carpenter, Taylor, and Erdogan (2009), “When entrepreneurs establish their own businesses, the way they want to do business determines the organization’s rules, the structure set up in the company, and the people they hire to work with them.” James F. Lincoln was strongly influenced by religious teachings which he incorporated into his business ethics. According to Lincoln:
A patent provides patent owners with protection and exclusive rights to their invention for up to 20 years. However, if the patent owner gives consent, the patent protection can be extended or sold to commercial distributors or other interested parties based on agreed upon terms. Patent laws forbid people or businesses from exploiting a process or invention from being commercially used, distributed or sold by anyone other than the patent holder. However, once the patent expires, the protection ends and becomes part of the public domain.
In conclusion, we have realized the significance of including just the netted plan assets and the PBO and not including the full amount of the plan assets and the PBO on the balance sheet. This type of accounting flexibility by the FASB helps companies and ultimately hurts investors who are unaware of the consequences. Usually, the estimated PBO and plan assets are very large in relation to the debt and equity capitalization of the company. The financial situation is therefore skewed and is not represented correctly on the company’s balance sheet which then in turn distorts financial ratios. Investors who are unaware of these accounting rules will end up making erroneous conclusions. Also, this accounting flexibility allows managers to manipulate financial statements whether intentionally or unintentionally by influencing their actuarial assumptions.
The United States Patent Office (“USPTO”) faces criticism from its users and legislators that the timeliness of the patent process and ultimate quality of issued patents are inadequate. In order to address this criticism Congress made several changes to the authorities of the USPTO in the last decade and considered more changes in 2009. Nevertheless, problems persist and some stakeholders argue that reorganizing the USPTO as a government corporation would best alleviate these problems by broadening its authorities even further and releasing it from external constraints.
General Electric is a state-of-the-art company that specializes in building excellent appliances from lighting fixtures to kitchen appliances along other products. You will find many of these products in millions of homes and offices, factories, and retail facilities around the world work better. GE has a training and development program that employees can use. This program has enabled GE to remain prosperous since 1892. The General Electric was established by J. P. Morgan and Charles Coffin, G. E. has developed a management strategy that has penetrated the complex boundaries between management stages. Not only does GE have training programs available for its managers and employees, but for their customers as well. G.E’s entry-level leadership and experienced leadership programs have allowed this company to excel. G.E. also believes in having a learning culture. Learning is accomplished at G.E.’s John F. Welch Leadership Development Center. These programs and center have greatly contributed to the success and longevity of G.E.
The main idea behind patents is to promote technological innovations. For there to be technological innovation for society as a whole, two things must happen. First, people must be able to study other people's innovations in order to further technology in society, because they can use the ideas of others to make even greater innovations. Second, people must have incentive to innovate. The most obvious solution to the first idea would be to make all innovations public, so that as soon as someone invents something, others are free to build off of it to further technology.
The United States located electronic company Electrocorp faced the problem of declining profitability due to rising production costs, specifically high wages, costly worker's safety and environmental standards. In order to solve this problem Electrocorp is deciding whether to relocate some of their plants to South Africa, Mexico, or the Philippines.
As we said above patents grant exclusive rights to an invention or a process of making and invention. So what does a patent cover? Chemical patents cover the structure of a molecule and also the process in which the molecule is made. This is a good thing for pharmaceutical companies who take out these patents as they can regulate the market. Because these companies own the rights of a molecule or drug exclusively they can restrict competition from competitors. Companies that have patents on drugs have the added benefit that they are the sole distributor of that drug and all profits go to them. Other companies cannot repl...
Patents claims focus of the mechanism, principles and components surrounding those ideas. Patents are the strongest of the law to protect the intellectual property. Patent law is based on a very strict liability standard, making a business owner’s strongest option for intellectual property protection. Patents often make use of reverse engineering. Through reverse engineering, they see if patented inventions are in used by another company. Patents have an expiration date; the design patent protect design, shape, configuration and appearance of any invention for 14 years, and utility patents that protect functional makeover and new invention last for 20