Egyptian Mythology

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The Egyptian culture is known for pharaohs and the pyramids, but the mythological aspect of Egyptian religion is not as famous as Greek or Roman mythology. The Egyptians, like many other ancient civilizations, worshipped their gods in order to gain protection and prosperity. The Egyptian gods, unlike many other civilizations, were not terrifying beings that were greatly feared. They were powerful, beautiful beings that nurtured and guided humanity. The Egyptian gods fell in love and had children; they felt anger, sadness, hatred, and fear. The Egyptian gods portrayed many human characteristics. The Egyptians feared their gods, but they also loved them.
The Egyptian religion was a combination of practices; it was “part totemism, part polytheism, and part ancestor worship.” The gods lived invisibly in the mortal realm and were able to influence the world through people, animals, or objects. Spirits of the dead were also able to guide the living. There were numerous gods, but the most prevalent and lasting gods were Ra, Ma’at, Isis, Horus, Osiris, Bast, and Bes (Gods and Mythology).
The Egyptians believed that Ra, the Sun God, was the creator of the world, and the sun was viewed as the symbol of creation. Ra became greatly associated with the pharaoh during the late 2nd Dynasty and the 5th Dynasty. The pharaoh ruled the mortal realm, while Ra ruled the greater universe, which made them “a mirror image of each other.” Ma’at was Ra’s closest ally; she was the “personification of the fundamental order of the universe.” Order and justice was revered and even the gods were known to worship Ma’at. Ra and Ma’at were worshipped throughout Egypt.
Another important goddess who was worshipped by most Egyptians was Isis, the Queen of the Gods...

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... spirit of her dead husband. She named the child Horus and he was destined to defeat his uncle. Isis and Thoth then planned to revive Osiris, so they created the Ritual of Life. Osiris regained life, but since he died he could only reside in the Duat, the land of the dead. After Horus becomes a man he uses his magic and training to reclaim the throne. Eventually Horus does defeat Set and takes his place as the rightful king.
This myth, although mostly incomplete, was central to the Egyptian religion. It explained the importance of the Pharaoh, Ma’at, and establishes the Egyptian beliefs about the afterlife and magic. Egyptian mythology evolved and grew, like many other mythologies in other civilizations. The mythology, like every religion, was important to the Egyptian way of life. It was a guide that explained how to live their lives and to survive their death.
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