Providing extremely fertile soil is one, if not the most important, roles the Nile River played in the life of the ancient Egyptians. By providing fertile soil, the Nile made it easy for cities and civilizations to grow alongside the banks of the river. This fertile soil comes from the annual flooding of the Nile. This replenishes the top soil with silt deposits that hold much needed nutrients for crops to grow. Ancient Egyptians developed highly complex irrigation methods to maximize the effect of the Nile waters.
These three prosperous societies all owed their success to one thing, geography. Geography affected the River Valley of Ancient Egypt in many ways. The flooding of the Nile River left behind a rich black silt along its river banks, that was used for farming. The Nile River was very predictable and flooded every year from June to September. This lead to a food surplus and a stable society.
Planted in this fertile soil, crops grew abundantly and allowed for the facilitation and development of surpluses. Beginning about 5000 B.C.E., farming had already been instituted along the banks of the Nile. But it wasn't until later (3200 B.C.E.) that real agricultural advances occurred. Encouraged by the stability of their farming, the Egyptians were able to develop surpluses in the area.
These are some of the ways that the control/ usage of waterways had effects politically and economically on societies today and in the past. The usage/control of waterways helped civilizations sprout in the past and in the present. Document 1 shows many examples of how control/usage of waterways helped sprout civilizations in the present and in the past. One example that is showed in document 1 is the Tigris and Euphrates River which helped civilizations sprout by providing hydraulic power and fresh water. Another example in document 1 is the Mekong River which helped civilizations sprout by the river provided irrigation to the crops.
The environment that these two ground breaking societies was one of the keys to their growth. The Mesopotamian civilization was created between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers found in modern day Iraq, Kuwait, and Syria. The alluvial plain in the area was often flooded providing fertile silt to the area making things almost perfect for an agrarian society to flourish. This was similar in the Egyptian society where the Nile river does the same. However, the Nile was much more predictable and a better river to base the Egyptian society around.
The Nile provided much needed water for their crops during the dry season by using their irrigation system. The Nile River also provided the Egyptians with drinking water, and a way for them to travel, allowing them to explore and trade. In addition, the desert around the river was called “Red Land” by the Egyptians. This is where they lived, grew and prospered. The desert provided much gold for the Egyptians to trade with other countries or to keep for themselves.
Literally speaking, the Nile made life possible in Egypt. The Nile tended to follow a constant cycle of flooding and receding. This pattern was particularly important for Egyptian agriculture. II.A) Inundation Inundation was a process pivotal to the success of an Egyptian’s field crop. Inundation was the annual flooding of the Nile.
Surrounded by desert and sea, the only thing that kept their lands rich was the annual flood from the Nile River. The flooding would begin in June and end in September. The outrageous amount of water flowing down kept their lands fertilized and provided them abundant amount of drinking water. Since the Egyptians knew the flood came annually, they used the timing of the floods to create the calendar. Since their lands were powerful and able to sustain large populations, it attracted many different kind... ... middle of paper ... ...t aspect.
This was actually helpful in that it delivered valuable nourishment to the dirt in the lowlands right by the rivers. This also enhanced farming in the area. Archaeological excavations starting in the 1840s CE have revealed human settlements dating to 10,000 BCE in Mesopotamia that indicate that the fertile conditions of the land between two rivers allowed an ancient hunter-gatherer people to settle in the land, domesticate animals, and turn their attention to agriculture. Trade soon followed, and with prosperity came urbanization and the birth of the
Mesopotamia and the Indus River Valley Civilization are two early civilizations that were the foundation of the urban world we live in today. These two empires were extremely productive and successful and played a key role in the advancement of human life. Both of these civilizations were able to produce new ideas, beliefs, systems, and technologies that we still use in modern times due to their stability. Their stability was the ultimate factor that made these empires prominent among the other civilizations during that time. The Mesopotamia and the Indus River Valley shared many similarities such as their view on gender role, social hierarchies, and economic activities.