(Huntington, 1996, p. 21) Huntington recognizes the significance of the realist approach that the nation states will stay as the most influential actors in international relationships, but he refutes that nations’ interests can be described without any reference to culture (Huntington, 1996, p. 34). Instead, he suggests the civilization paradigm in which “supra-national civilizations” that act principally as nation states and practice their own civilization’s interests in a global setting that is structurally comparable to that portrayed by neo-realism (Milani & Gibbons, 2001). He claims that the clash of civilizations will dictate international politics and relationships, in particular, between the West and Islam (Huntington, 1996, p. 208). In this essay, I attempt to analyze how well Huntington's notion applies to present world scenario of international Jihadist terrorism and the United States' and other states' “war on terrorism”. - 8 According to Milani & Gibbons (2001), Huntington considers Islam as monolithic, atrocious and deficient in diversity.
After extensive research from the International Organization for Migration, Patheos, and CNN.com, I will provide an argument on the notion that the religious factions are only part of the problem at hand. First, I will discuss the religious tensions in the state. Second, I will discuss the misdiagnosis of this conflict as genocide, and third, I will end with my own opinions and estimations. The conflict started back in March of 2013 when CAR Muslim rebel group, also known as the Seleka, seized the government. Since seizing power last year, Seleka’s ten-month reign allowed for mass looting, murder, and extortion.
On June 26, 2013, El Nadim Center for Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence, published a report in which it described torture during the first year of Brotherhood rule as “widespread and systematic.” “ The report documented 359 cases of torture and 217 cases of torture-related deaths over the period from June 30, 2012, to May 31, 2013” (Selim 193). The transgression in Muslim Brotherhood regime through the use of violence to punish it opponents oversteps the boundaries of a rebel. The main complaint of the Egyptians citizens was that the Muslim Brotherhood failed to live to its promise to get rid of authoritarianism and put Egypt on a path toward democracy. Under
A. Background and UN Involvement Almost a year ago, Egypt broke into civil unrest when protesters flooded Tahrir Square, demanding the end of Hosnia Mubarak’s regime. Although Mubarak stepped down within two weeks, Egypt is worse off today than it was last January. The Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF), which played a vital role in the January revolution, has now become a violent and oppressive force. On the twenty-ninth of December 2011, the SCAF raided seventeen Egyptian, German, and US run NGOs in search of proof of illegal foreign funding.1 In a statement (A/HRC/18/NGO/77) submitted by the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS), the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR), and the Center for Egyptian Women’s Legal Assistance, it was reported that the ruling military council was illegally monitoring NGOs’ bank transactions and the NGOs claimed that they were being targeted by the SCAF.
Assange could face 'political persecution' or be sent to the United States to face the death penalty," putting further strain on the relationship between Ecuador and Britain, and instigating a rebuttal from the Swedish government. Chelsea Manning Bradley Manning was born on December 17, 1987 in Crescent, Oklahoma. After joining the Army and enduring harsh bullying, Manning was sent to Iraq in 2009. There he had access to classified information that he described as profoundly troubling. Manning gave much of this information to WikiLeaks and was later arrested after his actions were reported to the U.S. government by a hacker confidant.
The Iranian protesters have been either sent to serve jail time or executed. We should care about Iran because the government is using executions on its people, taking away human rights, and torturing prisoners. Iran has so far failed to uphold its obligations under its own constitution and international human rights laws. Since Ahmadinejad came to power in 2005, the number of executions has quadrupled in Iran, rising from 86 cases in 2005 to 317 cases in 2007 -- almost a 300 percent increase (Memarian). Iranian who is protesting against the government or even giving speeches is a serious crime and the punishment for such action is either yearlong jail term and execution (“Iran Frees Jailed...”).
After Viktor left military service the Soviet Union was in a matte... ... middle of paper ... ...08 by the Thai Royal Police in conjunction with, and political pressure by the CIA. After two years the “Merchant of Death” was extradited to the United States on multiple charges stemming from his gun running and cargo businesses. It will be interesting to see where his trial goes and how Russia reacts because of his deep knowledge of their ‘shadow’ state and his immense knowledge about the African warlords who continue to ravage the continent. His trial is scheduled to begin on September 12, 2011. Works Cited • Mark Bromley & Hugh Griffiths, End-User Certificates: Improving Standards to Prevent Diversion • www.wassenaar.org • Noehrenberg, E. H. (1995).
Even after decades of relatively established pattern for the relations between the states there is still an ambiguity on the issue of state sovereignty. To which extent its’ violation could be justified? In the study of International Relations there are two major perspectives on the legitimacy of such actions, they are: liberal and realist. Whilst former advocates for this measures when the state itself violates human rights of the citizens and extended intervention is required (Kegley, 259), latter claims that the state sovereignty is the central assumption of this theoretical framework (Kegley, 28) and the actions that might infringe it are not legitimate. 2011 military intervention in Libya, intended to cease Gaddafi’s regime (UNSC), can demonstrate both of these perspectives.
In order to completely comprehend the strategies used this paper will focus particularly on Egypt and Libya. The specific focus will be towards the fact that the non-violent movements in Egypt were successful due to several factors and major impacts. The two were chosen since one had a nonviolent movement that was effective and resulted in the overthrowing of Mubarak in Egypt. On the other hand, Libya was were nonviolent movements were ineffective and therefore they had to resort to violence. The idea that people in today’s society would want there to be supportive has an immense impact on decisions that governments make.
Those principles include the ability to establish a valid political strategy and security all with a host nation in the lead effort. While these two wars have many differences, they are similar in ways. Specifically, how the U.S. failed to follow basic practices of COIN, and how leveraging lessons learned are paramount to U.S. strategic initiatives. Political Strategy A premise of COIN doctrine calls for a long-term political strategy implementing legitimacy in government instilling effectiveness in the eyes of the governed. How can one build a successful COIN campaign by supporting weak surrogate leadership as the U.S. did in both Vietnam and Afghanistan?