Documentations that state significant philosophical principles and make clear the values depicted within an organisation are known as ethical codes. For these codes to be considered effective they are required to be able to define the responsibilities of an organisation to stakeholders, the conduct expected of employees (Kaptein & Wempe, 2002) and articulate the ethical parameters of the organization as to what is acceptable and what is not (Stevens, 1994). While behaviour of course, refers to the ethical behaviour of individuals in organizations. Employee behaviours are purposely designed to be affected by codes, regardless of the extent of the script. As much as codes are used to enhance social responsibility and explain the norms and values of the organisation, it would be equally important to consider how codes can influence behaviour.
Moreover, it should be understood that moral philosophies offer standards for controlling how conflicts are settled in reference to people life’s concerns. Additionally moral philosophies influence how corporation devise business strategies and resolve specific ethical issues (Ferrell, et al., 2013, p. 153). With that said it should be noted that not one specific moral philosophy is accepted universally. This fact is proven by viewing how moral philosophies is used to are used to endorse certain economic system and the conduct of people in those systems. For the purpose of this paper... ... middle of paper ... ...., Fraedrich, J.
Ethics are logical and rational standards of right and wrong that guide a human being by determining what a person should do. Standards of ethics include accepted basic rights, obligations, value to society, objectivity, justice, or specific moralities. Ethics include qualities such as honesty, compassion, and loyalty as well as rights such as right to life and right to privacy. Ethical standards are supported by consistent and substantiated explanations. Ethics are a continuous study within one’s self to ensure one’s standards are reasonable, practical, and und... ... middle of paper ... ...make sure the participant is informed of all aspects of the study, the risks involved, and debrief them when the study is over.
Are businesses in corporate America making it harder for the American public to trust them with all the recent scandals going on? Corruptions are everywhere and especially in businesses, but are these legal or are they ethical problems corporate America has? Bruce Frohnen, Leo Clarke, and Jeffrey L. Seglin believe it may just be a little bit of both. Frohnen and Clarke represent their belief that the scandals in corporate America are ethical problems. On the other hand, Jeffrey L. Seglin argues that the problems in American businesses are a combination of ethical and legal problems.
Introduction It is the purpose of this paper to explain the process by which I have come to develop my own ethical framework and apply this framework to an ethical dilemma. I have discovered through my research that an ethical framework is a collection of guidelines, usually in question format, that function together to support and reinforce the ethical decision-making process. Ethical frameworks can be designed and applied in both personal life settings and professional work environments. By implementing an ethical framework, whether for personal use or for a professional environment, individuals, team-members and leaders can be assured that the decisions they are making are thought-out and their actions are ethical. When I started to think about developing an ethical framework my first thought was of Isaac Newton, who is commonly known for the idea that, for every action there is a reaction.
Obligations to Society My personal code of ethics is closely related to utilitarianism. Under utilitarianism, an act is morally right if it is perceive to be useful in yielding good or desirable ends (Pillai & Mukherjee, 2011). This means that individuals having a utilitarian code of ethics seek solutions for the greater good of all parties concerned (Micu, 2012; Nejati & Parnia, 2012; Gerow, Ayyagari, Thatcher, & Roth, 2013). Utilitarianism is divided into two parts, which are rule utilitarianism and act utilitarianism (Paul & Elder, 2006). I find my personal code of ethics have a piece of both types of utilitarian.
Ethics Policies According o Golja and Paulisic (2010) ethics is define as a system of moral principles, the rule of conduct recognized in respects to a particular class of human actions or a particular group, culture and the moral principles of an individual. Camps and Majocchi (2010) defines ethics as rules of conduct, in other words ethics is treating others as you would want to be treated. According to the authors, the best principle for implementing and supporting ethical behavior in an organization is to first champion leadership to support and enforce ethics policies. Once leadership support is ascertained then an assessment should be done to determine what ethical policies are needed to meet the needs of the organization. After receiving the results from the assessment, managers should solicit employees for input and to volunteer with writing and reviewing policies.
According to Joseph Migga Kizza (2011), “Morality is a set of rules of right conduct, a system used to modify and regulate behavior. It is a quality system by which we judge human acts right or wrong, good or bad” (p.12). Ethics deals with the reasoning behind morals, or the underlying logic which leads to morality. Joseph Migga Kizza (2011) describes ethics as, “…a theoretical examination of morality or ‘theory of morals’” (p.18). Ethics, morality, and law are the typical foundation for the code of ethics or the code of conduct for an organization.
(Pollock, 2010) Ethical standard also specify Values in which alternative or judgment of the agency must consider in which high priority are right on them. Ethical standard are based on entirely Justifications for the law that serves as a tool of behavior change, or social engineering. When Laws are used to control behavior, it must have totem of ethical standard in which sanctions are provided morally. In addition, by teaching people what behaviors are acceptable and what ones are not ethical standard must be used. As Law becomes society value so does ethical standard because every person is a value to society, and society has a right to protect this value, and even against his or her will.