According to findings of previous studies, ESRD is one of the states that increase pro-inflammatory cytokines and in some of them interleukins (IL) 1, 4 and 6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) were 8-10 times higher than general population (6). Statine agents can reduce serum level of CRP in HD patients and decline their need to Epoetin for management of anemia (7). Serum CRP level more than 5-10 mg/l is associated with cardiovascular events and statine agents due to reduce CRP level might decline mortality of HD patients and improve their cardiovascular outcome. Measurement of Serum level of C reactive protein (CRP) in hemodialysis (HD) patients with anemia and their response to lovastatin is aim of our study. Material and methods One hundred fifty hemodialysis patients in Imam Khomeini and Amiralam hospital during 2004 were participated in our randomized clinical trial.
According to a 2001 publication (4), 9% of the caloric energy consumed by Americans was in the form of artificially added sugars from SSBs, up from 4% in the 1977. Furthermore, SSBs contain large amounts of sugar they large amount of sugar, and a consistent consumption of sugar sweetened beverages can significantly increase the risks for metabolic syndrome and diabetes. By drinking a single 12oz. serving of an SSB a day, patients have shown a 26% greater risk for developing diabetes. In an effort to decrease caloric and sug... ... middle of paper ... ...of the 13 year study.
Approximately eight years later, 10% of those tested had developed dementia, most of its attribute to Alzheimer’s. The 30% which had the highest content of homocysteine in their blood had twice the risk of developing the disease. The data found by scientists has lead them to believe homocysteine is the cause for elevated occurrences of Alzheimers disease. Scientists believe that homocysteine accounts for 15% of the populations risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. Obviously if the 15% of those cases were prevented that would mean a much fewer amount of cases of Alzheimer’s disease from occurring.
3. Cinnamon may cut the Risk of Heart Disease Cinnamon can be linked with reduced risk of heart disease, world’s most common cause of premature death. In people with type 2 diabetes, intake of 1 gram of cinnamon per day has beneficial effects on levels of blood. It reduces the levels of total cholesterol, the bad cholesterol (LDL) and triglycerides, while the Good cholesterol HDL remains stable. Recently, a big review study concluded that a dose of just 120 milligrams of cinnamon per day can have these effects.
The definition of obesity is: the condition of being grossly fat or overweight. In the U.S there are approximately ninety-seven million adults are either overweight or obese. To be obese is considered 100 pounds over your ideal weight. Approximately 300,000 people die from obesity each year according to Stanford Hospital and Clinical. Obesity; Opposing viewpoints mentions that the rates of obesity are skyrocketing every year the prevalence of women are 50% more then they are in men.
Some symptoms of being obese include a body fat percentage greater than thirty percent for women and twenty-five percent for men or weighing more than twenty percent more than your ideal body weight (Simon 2000). One would need to visit their physician in order to accurately determine their body fat percentage or their ideal weight. Now that we have a better understanding of what obesity is, we will look at exactly how widespread it is and whom it affects. Being overweight and obesity are serious health problems. “In 1993, obesity was identified as a key contributor to at least 300,000 deaths each year in America,” according to former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Health, J. Michael McGinnis, MD, and the former Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), William Foege (Klein 2000).
Dieting results in weight loss which indirectly can decrease health risks. "If all Americans were to achieve a normal body weight, it has been estimated that there would be a 3 year increase in life expectancy... ... middle of paper ... ...Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 60(2):249-54, 1994 Aug. Kretsch, MJ., MW Green, AK Fong, NA Elliman, and HL Johnson. "Cognitive effects of a long-term weight reducing diet." International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders.
If one adds the patients who are obese and diabetic, the number soars even higher, as obesity and diabetes are linked diseases. The sudden rise in obesity is mainly a result of lifestyle changes, particularly the ready availability of calorie-laden, refined food and a decrease in physical activity. ‘Genes have not changed in the past 50 years, but our eating and exercising habits have,’ said George Yancopoulos, Chief Scientific Officer and President of Regeneron Pharmaceuticals (Tarrytown, NY), one of many companies working on drugs to treat obesity. But it cannot be lifestyle alone. Certain ethnic groups have a higher prevalence of obesity, and the discove... ... middle of paper ... ...ses obesity-associated high blood sugar and high insulin levels.
Each treatment session began with ASTYM provided by the certified physical therapist to both anterior lower extremities with the patient seated in order to break up fibrotic tissue and regenerate new healthy tissue. Each treatment session for the first four weeks ended with the patient lying supine with Normatec compression boots on both lower extremities at level three for 15 minutes to decrease edema. For the first two weeks manual therapy included medial to lateral glides of bilateral tibias with PROM knee flexion x six reps each with the patient supine. Bilateral patellas were mobilized superiorly and inferiorly using a grade IV mobilization x six reps each every treatment session. Manual stretching with the patient in supine was performed next with PROM knee flexion to both lower extremities x 6 reps. During the third week of treatment, the manual therapy progressed to grade III bilateral posterior tibia glides and bilateral PROM knee flexion in prone x 6 reps each.
Estimates are that 96.8 million American adults (51 percent) have blood cholesterol values of 200 mg/dL and higher. About 37.7 million American adults (20 percent) have levels of 240 or above. By having physical activity, the efficiency of the heart and lungs is increased. As a person’s level of fitness increases blood pressure will decrease therefore lowering high blood pressure. Exercise also controls diabetes by increasing insulin efficiency.