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Effects of Childhood Obesity

Powerful Essays
Childhood obesity is not a new term by an means but in the last few years it has grown in popularity. Some call childhood obesity the next “national epidemic”, sounds pretty scary especially when it’s effecting the youngest of Americans. Obesity is among one of the easiest medical condition to recognize but is the most difficult to treat. Children who are overweight are 10x more likely to become overweight adults unless they change their eating habits and exercise (“Mayo” 1). Thirty percent of adult obesity begins in childhood, it is also said obesity is the cause of 300,000 deaths a year. Obesity cost society an estimated $100 billion a year. Today, about one third of American’s children and teens are considered to be overweight or obese. That has nearly tripled in size since 1963 (“Marcus” 1). Obesity is causing numerous health problems that typically aren’t seen until adulthood. Childhood obesity can effect the physical, emotional, and social well-being of a child. Overweight children, as compared to children with a healthy weight are more likely to develop health problems. A child suffering from obesity is a higher risk of getting high cholesterol and high blood pressure, which are associated with heart disease in adults (“Childhood” 2). These contribute to the buildup of plaques in the arteries, which can cause the arteries to narrow and harden, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke later down the line. Obese adolescents are more likely to have pre-diabetes, a condition in which blood glucose levels indicate a high risk for development of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, which was once considered an adult disease, has increased dramatically in children and adolescents. (“Mayo” 1). A study conducted in the UK found that 95% of children diagnosed with type 2 diabetes were overweight and 83% were obese. Children who are overweight are at risk of developing metabolic
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