Effects of Alcohol

1933 Words8 Pages
Effects of Alcohol

Alcohol is a widely used substance for both science and in technology.

Its name comes from an Arabic word al-kuhl meaning " a powder for painting the

eyes". The term was later applied to all compounds that contain alcoholic


To most people alcohol is considerd a downer that reduces activity in

the nervous system. Some of the things alcohol effects you is, the alcohol

intoxicated person exhibits lose muscle tone, loss of fine moter

coordination,and often has a staggering "drunken" gait. The eyes may appear

somewhat "glossy" and pupils may be slow to respond to stimulus. At high doses

pupils may become constricted. At intoxing doses, alcohol can decrease heart

rate, lower blood pressure and respiration rate, and result in decreased reflex

and slower reaction times. Skin may be cool to touch but to the user may feel

warm or normal, profuse sweating may accompany alcohol use. Loose muscle tone,

lose of fine motor coordination,odor of alcohol on the breath,and a stagging


The effects of alcohol intoxication are greatly influenced by individual

variations among users. Some users may become intoxicated at a much lower Blood

Alcohol Concentration (BAC) level that I am about to show you. Along with

drinking their are different levels to it:

0.02-0.03 BAC: No loss of coorination,slight euphoria and loss of shyness.

Depressant effects are not apparent. 0.04-0.06 BAC: Feeling of well-being,

relaxation, lower inhibitions, sensation of warmth. Some minor impairment of

reasoning and memory, lowering of caution. 0.07-0.09 BAC: Slight impairment of

balance, speech, vision, reaction time, and hearing. Judgement and self-control

are reduced, and caution, reason and memory are impaired. 0.10-1.125 BAC:

Signficant impairment of moter coordination and loss of good judgement. Speech

may be slurred; balance, vision,reaction time and hearing will be impaired. (It

is illegal to operate a motor vehicle at this level of intoxication.) 0.13-0.15

BAC: Gross motor impairment and lack of physical control. BLurred vision and

major loss of balance. Euphoria is reduced and dysphoria beginning to appear.

0.16-0.20 BAC: Dysphoria (anxiety,restlessness) predominates, nausea may appear.

The drinker has the appearance of a "sloppy drunk." 0.25 BAC: Needs assistance

in walking; total mental confusion....

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...k and smoke, the risk is even higher.


They say that woman's risk of developing breast cancer increases with

alcohol consumtion, as well as age. Particularly vulnerable are women over 50

who have been heavy drinkers over a period of years, their chances of

developing breast cancer are up to 18 times greater than non-drinkers. Research

indicates that alcohol may play an indirect role in this disease by increasing

estrogen levels in premenopausal women, whinh in turn may promote breast cancer.

Thus, for younger women to lessen their risk of breast cancer, dont drink, or at

least limit yourself to no more than one a day.


Reserchers say that women who average only two drinks a day, four days a

week, are 2 1/2 times more likely to develop melanomia than women who dont drink.

Experts recommend that women limit themselves to one drink a day, and men two

drinks a day.


Some studies have found a link between alcohol use and cancers of the: -

colon -stomach -pancreas -lungs.

Although theres no evidence that alcohol itelf is a caracinogen, it has been

associated with suppression of the human immune system
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