Effects Of Urbanization In Nigeria

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Nigeria’s urbanization rate is rapidly increasing and is causing the economy to deteriorate. In 1921, “the population of Nigeria was only 18.72 million. In 1952, it rose to 30.4 million and in 1963 to 55.67 million.” (Onibokun, 1987). This consensus proves that the increase in population has doubled in the period of 20-25 years and is still continuing to grow. However, the increase of urbanization has had detrimental effects on the economy because of the waste people produce from energy consumption, carbon emission, and air pollution. Nigeria has been facing extreme electricity shortage and with over 140 million people populating the country, there is not enough electricity to sustain the population. Furthermore, the effects of carbon emissions…show more content…
The air pollution in Nigeria also has had negative effects on the economy and can threaten the life of humans, plants, and animals. Nigeria’s economy is depleting and other countries should assist and come together with Nigeria to implement global policies and help resolve Nigeria’s economic challenges. Africa’s most populous country is in an energy crisis and without any improvements, there will be various problems relating to policy, infrastructure, and raising capital. Although Nigeria is one of the most advanced in oil and gas reserves, the energy crisis is hindering the growth and development of the country. The lack of infrastructure and a strong power sector has left the population with an unreliable power source. Mutiat Adeyemo, an…show more content…
Human activities over the last 50 years have increased the level of carbon in the atmosphere and created an enhanced greenhouse effect, which can result in climate change. As described by Gaber, “the take-off stage of development and industrialization progress can lead to increased environmental damage due to greater use of natural resources, more emission of pollutants, the operation of less efficient and relatively dirty technologies, and disregard for the environmental consequences of growth.” (Gaber, 2011). Furthermore, the effects of carbon emissions have been devastating. They are affecting both the people and the environment, and can lead to environmental degradation. Studies show that there has been a change in the environmental temperature and an imbalance in the atmosphere, thus causing the environment to become more vulnerable to recurrent droughts, floods, spread of diseases, and a decrease in food production. Economists like Galbraith, Mishan, Carson, Boulding, and Commoner, have stated their concern about the harmful effects of economic growth on the environment. “They are of the view that growth has produced pollution and wasteful consumption of trivia that contribute nothing to human happiness” (Galetotti, et al, 2009). According to the government effectiveness index, governmental measures such as “public service provision, the quality of the
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