Contrary to popular belief, Americans weren’t the only perpetrators; “Europeans and slave traders also played a role in promoting internal conflict” (Nunn). Many African tribes would capture opposing tribes with the sole purpose of selling their prisoners as slaves. Tribes would send prisoners that they captured to America along the Middle Passage; in several instances wars would be started solely to obtain prisoners to sell into the slave trade (Angeles). If the financial situation in a family became desperate, some parents would go so far as to sell their child into the vicious slave
Out of the 11 million African men, women, and children that were sent to the New World like common cargo, 2 million of them died. Africans were treated badly that Europeans whipped and put Africans in handcuffs to transport them. The Africans that survived were sent to work in sugar cane fields and other produce fields that Europeans thrived for like sugar, tobacco, cotton and other New World products. Many Africans and people from Europe realized that people like Europeans needed slaves and would pay anything for them. Soon after realizing, Africans began to sell their own for high amounts of money and so did Europe.
After the arrival to the New World, the slaves were sold or exchanged for the valuable goods. The term Middle Passage might sound somewhat romantic, but in reality it stands as a one of the most terrible events in history. The Middle Passage is the passage of bonded slaves from West Africa to the Americas. In the beginning, there was a trade between Europeans and African leaders who sold their enemies and disabled people in exchange for unique gifts such as guns, tobacco, iron bars and etc. But at the later stages of slavery, Europeans often kidnapped Africans at the costal area of Western Africa and then sent to ships that sailed them to the New World where this new free work force was needed to help stabilize the new nation.
This ultimately led to the kidnapping of the people from the west coast of Africa. These captives were then taken back to Europe and sold in order to work. With the discovery of the New World, and development of plantations, Europe created a demand for cash crops, leading to the purchase of slaves in increased volume. With the increased demand, it was becoming too expensive in order to buy items in bulk from Asia. Therefore, Europeans had to come up with a new way of mass producing products, at a low cost, resulting in the kidnapping and enslavement of Africans
They also executed about fifty six suspects, and murdered about two hundred other blacks who had no involvement in the event. Although this rebellion did demonstrate that some of the african americans slave and free were ready to fight for their rights, in this rebellion in particular the consequences were much higher then the gain. There were many reactions from the white southerner about the slave revolts. Besides the outrage and murder of blacks like what happened after the Nat Turner rebellion, many white slave owners were outradged and would blame some of the Northerners. For example, they anti-slavery newspaper
Many of the goods produced in Europe were not available in Africa or America. The Europeans traded manufactured goods, including weapons, guns, beads, cowrie shells (used as money), cloth, horses, and rum to the African kings and merchants in return for gold, silver and slaves. Africans were seen as very hard workers who were skilled in the area of agriculture and cattle farming. They were also used to the extreme temperatures that people of lighter complexions could not bear. There had always been slavery in Africa amongst her own people, where men from different tribes/villages would raid other villages to kidnap the women for their pleasures, and the men to use as slaves.
As a young boy, Olaudah Equiano was kidnapped from his home in Africa and forced into the infamous slave trade. Like many other slaves, he was physically and emotionally traumatized by a series of unfortunate events that occurred in his lifetime. He was traded often, served under numerous masters, shipped along with hundreds of other enslaved people, and had to bear witness to the deaths of several slaves. Equiano was among the few who were eventually able to gain freedom, and even more of a rarity, acquired an education and published his own book. His book was an original for this time period because his audience was primarily European people who had never been able to read about the slave trade from the perspective of an actual former slave.
A phenomenon that drove much of the World’s economy between the 16th and 19th centuries was the trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. The trans-Atlantic Slave Trade consisted of European nations transporting slaves from the West African Coast to European colonies in the Americas. A question often posed is why were people of the African continent chosen to be slaves in the New World? Africans were chosen to be slaves due to their availability, productivity and their relative cheap cost. European plantation owners deemed Africans most productive in manual labour and most resistant to disease.1 However, before the slaves could be transported, Africans had to be kidnapped, captured or sold away their various ethnic groups from within the continent of Africa.
The Slave Trade and Its Effects on Early America Slavery played an important role in the development of the American colonies. It was introduced to the colonies in 1619, and spanned until the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863. The trading of slaves in America in the seventeenth century was a large industry. Slaves were captured from their homes in Africa, shipped to America under extremely poor conditions, and then sold to the highest bidder, put to work, and forced to live with the new conditions of America. There was no mercy for the slaves and their families as they were captured from their homes and forced onto slave ships.
The transatlantic slave trade paved the way for mass distribution of the human civilizations strongest labor force. The thought of using other humans as a means of production was first internal only within Africa but as other nations began to witness the degradation of one race, they saw an opportunity to tap into the weakened morals of one race which in turn allowed the Africans to fall into a lower class. Thus began the dispersion of slaves to other nations needing to fill the labor gap. An event that represents the beginning moment of the trans-Atlantic slave trade within the readings arise when Equiano was on watch with one of his sisters and was kidnapped by a group of people. Ever since Equiano was kidnapped, he was sold numerous times through different masters and traveled coast to coast.