Even though the First and Second Great Awakenings focused its attention on other matters of life later on, religion was the theme upon which they were built. The First Great Awakening started among the American colonial Protestants during the early 1700s, mainly due to the weakening of the strict Puritan tradition of religious doctrine, and in part, the religious decline caused by negative publicity from the Salem witch trials and the Enlightenment (www.wikipedia.org). The movement to correct these problems began with Jonathan Edwards, a strictly Puritan, orthodox theologian from Massachusetts who dedicated his time to bringing the people back to the strict Calvinist roots, and to reawaken the fear of God' (www.wikipedia.org). He was a powerful speaker, and preached to his large followings that it was to simply come to church was not enough to be saved, but they must also acknowledge their grievances in the heart, and feel God's love for them (Danzer, 38). He set off the wave of religious revival, as preachers traveled all across the colonies, attracted thousands of people to revival meetings of spiritual rebirth, gave impassioned sermons, and encouraged people to rededicate themselves to God (Danzer, 38).
Revivals encouraged reading of and the idea of love for the bible. The revivals shook up the institutionalized Congregationalism with a new emphasis on perso... ... middle of paper ... ...em as a Christian. There was a new emphasis on education and people wanted their preachers to be well educated so this established colleges that were established by certain denominations. During this time there was also an increase in separation of the church and the state. Before the church was universal and now the church was breaking off into new denominations.
The Enlightenment theory added to the oppression of British rule led to a revolution. Although not as significant as the Enlightenment, the Great Awakening still had a deep impact on colonial society. Primarily, the conflict that arose between the religious revivalists and ultimately ended in a split in the evangelical group changed the face of religion in the British colonies. The New Light revivalists spawned such denominations as Baptist and Methodist, which differed in the old lights beliefs in doctrine and matters of faith. These new sects resulted in a stronger tolerance toward religious diversity.
Through the means of renewed religious enthusiasm, a movement spread throughout the young nation seeking to reverse the spiritual apathy that had set in many of its Christian adherents. With the growing diversity of American settlers on the frontier and within the states, the charismatic leaders of the Second Great Awakening reached out to the common man. Although there is no specific date that pinpoints the inception o... ... middle of paper ... ...rary.org/catalogues/1792ff/finley.html. Finney, Charles Grandison. Lectures on Revivals of Religion.
The Second Great Awakening was extremely influential in sparking the idea of reform in the minds of people across America. Most people in America just accepted things the way they were until this time. Reforms took place due to the increase of industrial growth, increasing immigration, and new ways of communication throughout the United States. Charles Grandison Finney was one of the main reasons the Second Great Awakening was such a great success. “Much of the impulse towards reform was rooted in the revivals of the broad religious movement that swept the Untied State after 1790” (Danzer, Klor de Alva, Krieger, Wilson, and Woloch 240).
The Second Great Awakening was a powerful religious revival during the mid 1800s, lead by the preacher Charles G. Finney. Common beliefs and traditional customs were challenged as Americans explored new ideas of a religious lifestyle and morals. Expression within such environments mimicked societal ideals of increasing civil rights, and sought purity by avoiding misbehavior from intoxication. As a result, movements such as those against alcohol consumption and slave ownership became a controversial part of the search for utopia. The Second Great Awakening inspired several movements including the movement for abolitionism and the movement for temperance in society in the Northern region of the United States.
As a result, the reforms like abolitionist, women’s rights, and education begin to take shape. In short, Second Great Awakening gave rise to religious change, which encouraged people to bring change in creation and laws of society in order to achieve redemption. While the religious change brought liberty through dictatorship among some women, the notion o... ... middle of paper ... ...which belong to them as citizens of these United States. Some women also used religion to justify the rights of women and equality. In, “The Former Slave Sojourner Truth Link Women’s Rights to Antislavery, 1851,” Sojourner said: Then that little man in black there, he says women can't have as much rights as men, 'cause Christ wasn't a woman!
Taken together, the Methodist family of denominations remains a powerful influence on the nation's religious culture. The success and popularity of Methodism stems from two mutually reinforcing factors. First, Methodists learned to foster a range of powerful religious experiences that they put at the center of their worship. Second, they learned to channel the religious enthusiasm that came from these experiences into a tightly structured organization. This combination proved peculiarly well suited to reaching out to the newly rising class of British industrial workers, who had been largely ignored by the established church.
The revivalists envision a expanded society to repose upon a hope that would progress around the whole world. The revivalist contradicted Calvinism to encourage people who listens to investigate the evangelical preaching which the behavior would help the God’s saving grace. Evangelical preaching experiences a petitioner through a despair to understand the divine of grace. People had to fake their sense of security in a good behavior to recognize the helplessness without God. The radicals thought that the churches brought heaven to earth while dissolving the sense of all social distinctions and the moderates hadn’t bargain an unleashed poor educated prisoner to find out their own radical churches while the radical guarded the revivals as their incredible work of God but they regretted their incidental side effects.
Christianity's popularity influenced the church by people's newfound ability to concentrate on faith and a better life. With this foundation, the Middle Ages expanded religious importance by employing it in day to day life. Christianity was consistently present in the social arena of the Middle Ages. There were many controversies over Christian beliefs. The engrossment in Christianity in the eighth century had a non peaceful turn because of the Iconoclastic Controversy.