This act allowed the president exchange Indian lands for land west of the Mississippi River. This act was unfair to the Cherokee nation and the Indian people because they had no say in the passing of this act. Supporters of the removal act said that it would allow for Americans and immigrants to... ... middle of paper ... ...reserve community structures such as clan and kin relationships (nationalhumanitiescenter.org). The removal of the Cherokee Indians from their lands in the southeast is the largest Indian relocation in American history (Sides 362). It was unjust for the Americans to seize Indian land in order to make room for more Americans and immigrants.
Furthermore, the land given from the Dawes Act to the Native Americans still continued to be watched over by the army, where Native American’s culture was not to be expressed. According to, “Wage Work in the Sacred Circle: The Ghost Dance as Modern Religion” by Louis S. Warren, the article examines Native American’s use of the ghost dance and how the American viewed these behaviors. Warren writes, “the army had been in charges with suppressing the religion among the [Native tribes].” The only religion acceptable was Christianity, nothing more, nothing less. America refused to understand the native culture, but decided that eliminating the culture is considered an easier route. It’s easier to eliminate than to adopt an idea.
The "reservation" policy was made so they could remove Native Americans from direct contact with the white migrants who were pressuring the governments for each territory that will ultimately destroy the Indians culture. The "reservation" policy is said to be policy that shrunk Indian Territory to the Black Hills of the Dakota Territory and to Oklahoma. All of the Natives customs were threatened. "Indians used buffalo for food, clothing, fuel and even shelter" (Carnes and Garraty 456). As a result of the invasion Indians stopped hunting and many tribes became infuriated.
Reasons Given for Native American Removal Throughout American history there are patterns of injustice, inequality, and cruelty. This thread began when the Europeans discovered their new world was already inhabited by others, the “Native Americans”. Although they both tried to live in peace with each other, the Europeans thirst for power and domination of the new land led to the unjust, and cruel removal of the “native” people from their home. This idea originated under the rule of President Jefferson, and his removal policy, which he believed was the, “only was to ensure the survival of the Indian culture” (Intro. p 28).
Americans saw the Revolution as an opportunity to "complete the process of dispossessing Indians of their rich lands." (Foner, 230&231) Indians could not enjoy the freedoms that were granted to white males after the Revolution. They were not able to work, participate in politics, or freely practice their religion. Although the Revolution was a significant blow to the Native Americans, it wouldn’t be the last event that would alter their ways of life. From the end of the American Revolution to 1865, Native Americans would continue to be forced off their lands and be forced to give up their old ways of life and assimilate to American culture.
In the colonization of Turtle Island (North America), the United States government policy set out to eliminate the Indigenous populations; in essence to “destroy all things Indian”.2 Indigenous Nations were to relocate to unknown lands and forced into an assimilation of the white man 's view of the world. The early American settlers were detrimental, and their process became exterminatory.3 Colonization exemplified by violent confrontations, deliberate massacres, and in some cases, total annihilations of a People.4 The culture of conquest was developed and practiced by Europeans well before they landed on Turtle Island and was perfected well before the fifteenth century.5 Taking land and imposing values and ways of life on the social landscape
Considering how committed to the land the Native Americans were, this injustice must have been especially bitter. Other manifestations seen among White- Black racism include segregation and slavery, neither of which is seen among the Indians. Instead, Americans tried repeated formal attempts to assimilate the Native Americans including the Allotment Act, Indian Reorganization Act, Employment Assistance Program, Termination Act, missionaries and the BIA reservation schools (Schaefer,171). Racism was evident in the policies enacted forcing Native American children to attend residential schools. American’s theorized they could separate them from their parents and “kill the Indian… to save the man” (Johansen).
Because the settlers were living far away from civilizations, to ensure that they were civilized people, the settlers had negative images of the Native Americans so that they would not be influenced and live like the how the natives do, ensuring that these groups are savages who are uncivilized. Many began to believe this was God’s plans for them to civilize the country in which many would push westward and drive the Indians out to promote civilization and progress. While the United States was still in its early stages of development,
Judge John Marshall after careful consideration came to the conclusion that all tribes are separate nations, but our society continues to discriminate against their presence on the continent that was theirs first. The oppression of all Natives dates back to Columbus’ arrival in 1492, where Columbus immediately took control of the people by enslaving them. Columbus’ mission was to spread Christianity throughout the world, but unfortunately Columbus did not go about this in a loving manner (as he is called to do.) Instead of teaching them, he used force; and if the natives did not convert, they were murdered (Bill Delaney). More than three hundred years later, after America had become a country, the natives were still being discriminated against.
Throughout the history of the United States we have seen a huge clash of cultures between the European settlers and the Indians. It is obvious that the Indian people were stripped of everything they had, and forced to leave the land they cherished and lived on. One of the most important times to recall regarding this clash is the day of May 28, 1830, the day the Indian Removal Act was passed. This one law that was passed effectively allowed congress, and the president of the United States (Andrew Jackson) to begin negotiations for Indian land in the southern part of the county, in an effort to start moving the Indian people westward. The desire for land was the primary reason for Indian removal, and in the early 1600’s English settlers established colonies at Jamestown, Plymouth, and other locations.