Effects Of Parenting Styles On Self-Esteem

935 Words4 Pages
The Effects of Parenting Styles on Self-esteem
The latest research in Malaysia shown that there is a significant result showing that parenting styles have played an important role on self-esteem of adolescents. (Ooi, Choi, & Rabeatul Husna Abdull Rahman, 2015). Parents are the model for adolescents and play the main role in building their personality (Stephens, 2007). The inappropriate interaction of parents will influence the ability of adolescents to develop good character (as cited in Ooi et al., 2015). Thus, the purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of parenting style on self-esteem. Baumrind (1966) found that there are three parenting styles generally used by parents which included authoritative parenting, authoritarian parenting and permissive parenting. The theory stated that different parenting styles portray different level of control towards their child, freedom of the child in making their decision and communication with the child (Baumrind, 1966). Authoritative parenting is a democratic style of parenting in which adults make rational demanding expectations and emphasize their communication with child (Shaffer, 2005) whereas authoritarian parenting is an autocratic style of parenting in which adults value firm obedience and prefer punitive measures to attain comply (Shaffer, 2005).
…show more content…
Self-esteem is the evaluation of the qualities and values one’s believe they possessed (Shaffer, 2005). Children who possesses higher self-esteem are generally more confident about themselves as compared with children with lower self-esteem. (Shaffer, 2005). The Multidimensional Self-esteem Scale AF5 (Garcia & Musitu, 1999) can be used to measure self-esteem by appraises self-esteem in five different domains which is academic, social, emotional, family and physical. The higher the rating on the scale, the greater the agreement on the items being measured in each domain (Garcia et al.,

More about Effects Of Parenting Styles On Self-Esteem

Open Document