Dembo demonstrates a structural model that family problems, such as sexual victimization, physical abuse or family alcohol/mental health problems lead to behavior problems in juveniles where they will engage in delinquency or alcohol abuse or drug abuse. Juveniles who are physically abused by their families engage in delinquency, where they can be aggressive towards their peers and will drop out of school in their early years. Violence affects juvenile’s brain where it is not fully develop and the violence is traumatizing for them. Juveniles experience violence that leads to mental or physical problems. Benedict argues that psychiatrists argue that violence in families develop mental problems in juveniles later in their lives from anxiety, depression and substance abuse or suicide.
How does domestic violence between parents and parental figures affect the children who witness it? This is a question often asked by Sociologists and Psychologists alike. There have been studies that prove that children who witness domestic inter-parental violence experience mental health problems, issues with gender roles, substance abuse, the committing of crimes and suicide/suicide attempts later in their lives. This paper will explore all five of these 'effects' of domestic violence on children and show that there is evidence of a clear relationship in which increasing parental violence is associated with increasing outcome risks (Fergusson & Horwood, 1998, p.8). When a child witnesses domestic abuse it can have many different effects on the child.
Dysfunction within the family, negative peer pressure and substance abuse all influence the behavior and action of youth ages persons. All of these factors contribute to the possibility of a youth aged child to becoming a juvenile delinquent. Not all youths that have these different situations occurring in their childhood become involved in criminal activities, but they increase the chances. Children are affected at young ages and the things that they face in life and they way they act are vital in the path that they choose to follow in life. According to Krohn, Hall, & Lizotte (2009) changes in the structure of a family can be very disruptive in the positive development of adolescents who live within these families.
There are five basics on juvenile delinquency. Which include what is a juvenile delinquency matter? , juvenile delinquent court process, juvenile traffic offender, certifying a minor as an adult, and limited public access to juvenile delinquency cases . There are a lot of statistics behind this topic. In 2008, an estimated 60 percent of children in the U.S. were exposed to violence, crime, or abuse in their homes, schools, and communities says the U.S. census bureau.
We can push for legislation demanding a stricter screening of foster homes and orphanages, for better observation of youths leaving facilities like detention and rehabilitation centers. These are potential solutions, but the most effective is the simplest of all. The best way to solve the rising youth homelessness in America, is to better educate ourselves. With the worsening state of the economy there has been a steady rise in the rates of homelessness for all ages. The causes amongst youth homelessness include financial instability, abusive guardians, conflict between the youth and their guardians in dealings with sexual activity or pregnancy.
Child abuse in the United States continues to be a serious and escalating problem. Child abuse may set a young person onto a non-normative developmental pathway toward a range of many psychosocial, emotional, and behavioral problems. Child abuse in particular the physical and emotional abuse is associated with an increased risk of very aggressive and violent behavior. Child abuse is also positively correlated with conduct problem behavior, including aggression around the age of 17 (Maughan, D., & Moore, S. C. 2010). The purpose of this literature review is to show that there is a direct cause and effect relationship between child abuse and he likelihood of that child being involved in the justice system.
This may have an emotional impact on the juvenile involved, which may lead them to committing delinquent acts. The children sometimes feel they are left to fend for themselves emotionally and the stress of these emotions are left upon the guardian at the time. These intense sufferings sometimes leave the juveniles in a harmful mental state resembling depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and feelings of abandonment from their parents/guardians. Children with incarcerated parents are five times more likely than their peers to commit crimes (Texas Department of Criminal Justice, 2008). The Texas Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS) helps our communities guard our children, disabled and our elderly from abuse and neglect.
Childhood sexual abuse has the potential to damage a child physically, emotionally, and behaviorally for the rest of his or her childhood, and the effects have been connected to lasting into middle-aged adulthood. Research has been conducted on what type of children are the most at risk of being sexually abused. Childhood abuse has a greater chance of happening to children of certain backgrounds. One researcher states that "Child sexual abuse occurs more frequently in children from socially deprived and disorganized family backgrounds. Marital dysfunction, as evidenced by parental separation and domestic violence, is associated with higher risks of child sexual abuse" (Mullen 4).
In a study of mothers recovering from addiction, Harmer, Sanderson, and Mertin (1999) found that the majority of mothers in the sample reported aversive childhood experiences that were significantly more frequent than th... ... middle of paper ... ...dge and bolster achievement (Conners, Robert, Leanne, Jeffrey, Tracy, Ken, and James, 2004). Social skills are crucial factors in our contemporary society. Children must learn how to socialize with others for their future success and development. Substance-abusing parents are more likely to limit their children’s social skills by creating unstable home environments. In conclusion, it is shocking that more than seven millions of children have at least one parent who is dependent on alcohol or other illicit drugs.
According to Farrington, Murray, and Sekol (2012), children are likely to experience stressful life events before and after parental incarceration. Following incarceration, children can experience problems like, but are not limited to, traumatic separation, reduced income, and loneliness (Farrington et. al. 2012). Farrington, Murray, and Sekol found that the circumstances under which children experience parental incarceration vary from child to child, but experiencing incarceration can lead to negative changes in antisocial behavior in children.