The concept of imperialism is one that has pervaded nearly every major society or empire throughout human history. It seems to be a natural consequence of societies growing in size, power, and knowledge. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries vast changes occurred in Western Europe (and soon spread elsewhere) that spurred a new round of imperialism the likes of which had not been seen before. The changes were the industrial revolution that was taking place. Countries were rapidly advancing to industrial societies producing much greater quantities of goods at much lower costs.
The... ... middle of paper ... ... than they did before. Thus widening the gap between being poor and being wealthy. Land value was also increasing due to the location of the factories. The North-East land became more valuable because that is were most of the factories were located. (Bailey) Overall, the Industrial Revolution brought more money to North America which caused the country to flourish and it kept the country alive and helped it grow to what it is today.
The new era of imperialism brought about important and farreaching effects. Through the creation of global empires, the imperial powers helped spread the Industrial Revolution and the capitalist system around the world. Christianity, western European languages, and Imperialism benefited underdeveloped regions through improved transportation, education, and medical care. Imperialism also had its negative side. It undermined native cultures and exploited people and resources in underdeveloped lands.
Furthermore, it engendered cooperation between nations that lead to overall development, therefore the whole economy grew. Lastly, the Industrial Revolution has changed the way we live and started new modern era of business, competition and new technologies. Works Cited Deane, Phyllis. The First Industrial Revolution. Second ed.
In 1750 political liberalism, the enlightened age, Infrastructure, and the economic climate allowed Great Britain to seek new job opportunities and exploit new business ideas. In addition, literacy, public education and the middle class was rising immensely. Concepts like partnerships and selling shares were introduced during this time period. The process of the Industrial Revolution was rapid in Western Europe however, by the 1900 all of Europe was involved. Over all, the effects of the revolution changed the way materials are transported, how products are made, on a global basis.The Industrial Revolution was a critical turning point in European history because the changes made are integral in the modern age.
Motivation for Expansion During the nineteenth century, the Industrial Revolution gave certain countries in Western Europe a big boost of economic power. France, Britain, Italy, and Germany emerged as industrialized powers, with high population and high production. During a time when Social Darwinism was popular, it was only natural that these nations compete with each other for survival. The most important motivation for Europeans to colonize during the 19th and 20th centuries was to strengthen their own countries in order to compete with the other European powers. One of the major ways a colony can strengthen a nation is by providing it with another economic market.
One reason for Japan and Germany’s rapid industrialization was the active role played by their governments who promoted and guided change. Each country used their powerful military to be recognized as a dominant force in the markets which as a result encouraged industrialization, however, the initial motives for industrialization in japan and Germany differed due to the pre-existing conditions in each country. Even though industrialization benefited and progressed society in both Germany and Japan it was impossible for all levels of the political hierarchy to benefit equally. After all it is the “fundamental role of the state as an institution in the capitalist world economy to augment the advantage of some against others in the market.” (Wallerstein, 3). The government has the complete ability to control who benefits from the capitalist market.
The strive for reformation lead to larger implications of revolutions that resulted from the growing urge for freedom. The American and French revolutions along with the Meiji Restoration had founded the basis of standard and transition from imperialism to decolonization and the establishment of modern states. Although, the revolutions weren't just war but also helped build the foundation for diplomatic relations and economic opportunities. The struggles within the country was actually necessary because it lead to revolutions and reformations that lead the outcome of unification. This is seen through the Meiji Restoration impacts as they took in Western influences and became unified through government changes along with building a sense of Nationalism.
However, among all the revolutions that have occurred in known history, there is a specific revolutionary period that has aided in the progress of humanity in addition to establishing the early concepts that shape our modern world. Originating in Great Britain, the Industrial Revolution has transformed the lifestyles of people around the world. However, the progressive transformation introduced a series of outcomes contrary to the prior regime. The Industrial Revolution triggered the growth of Great Britain’s economy, reset the social class divisions, and led to the formation of political reformation. The period during which there was an increased output of machine-made goods, also known as the Industrial Revolution, played a critical role in reshaping Britain’s economy.
Imperialism In the late 19th century, imperialism was a major issue in many nations of the world. Imperialism is the extension of a nation's power due to the acquiring of territory or economic conditions through military force or political means. Countries revived the imperialistic movement because the need of raw materials and labor for industrial purposes was so great. Also, the countries wanted to increase their overall wealth and trade. Christianity gained power due to this imperialistic movement of the Western world.