Effects Of Counterfactual Thinking On Punitive Responses

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Counterfactual Thinking on Punitive Responses
Eastern Kentucky University
Counterfactual Thinking on Punitive Responses
Counterfactual means, literally, contrary to the facts. Imagined alternatives, suggesting a hypothetical scenario where one or more antecedents are mutated so that they undo the factual outcome is called counterfactuals or counterfactual thinking. These thoughts can be generated from how the present could be different, or more frequently, how things could have been, what could have happened if one detail or action would have been different in the past. These counterfactual thoughts have a variety of effects on emotions, beliefs, and behaviors (Van de Ven, & Zeelenberg, 2015). When using words like
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